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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Sedative and cardiopulmonary effects of xylazine alone or in combination with methadone, morphine or tramadol in sheep

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Autor(es):
de Carvalho, Leonardo L. [1] ; Nishimura, Lilian T. [1] ; Borges, Luisa P. B. [1] ; Cerejo, Sofia A. [2] ; Villela, Isadora O. J. [1] ; Auckburally, Adam [3] ; de Mattos-Junior, Ewaldo [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Franca, Sch Vet Med, BR-14404600 Franca, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Glasgow, Coll Med Vet & Life Sci, Sch Vet Med, Dept Small Anim Clin Sci, Glasgow, Lanark - Scotland
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: VETERINARY ANAESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA; v. 43, n. 2, p. 179-188, MAR 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Objective To evaluate the cardiopulmonary and sedative effects of xylazine alone or in combination with methadone, morphine or tramadol in sheep. Study design Experimental, prospective, crossover, randomized, blinded study. Animals Six Santa Ines breed sheep (females) aged 12 +/- 8 months and weighing 39.5 +/- 7.4 kg. Methods Sheep were sedated with each of four treatments in a randomized, crossover design, with a minimum washout period of 7 days between treatments. Treatments were: X {[}xylazine (0.1 mg kg(-1))]; XM {[}xylazine (0.1 mg kg(-1)) and methadone (0.5 mg kg(-1))]; XMO {[}xylazine (0.1 mg kg(-1)) and morphine (0.5 mg kg(-1))], and XT {[}xylazine (0.1 mg kg(-1)) and tramadol (5 mg kg(-1))]. Each drug combination was mixed in the syringe and injected intravenously. Sedation, heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), rectal temperature (RT degrees C), respiratory rate (f(R)), arterial blood gases and electrolytes were measured before drug administration (T0) and then at 15 minute intervals for 120 minutes (T15-T120). Results Heart rate significantly decreased in all treatments compared with T0. PaCO2 values in XM and XMO were higher at all time points compared with T0. In treatments X and XM, pH, bicarbonate (HCO3-) and base excess were increased at all time points compared with T0. PaO2 was significantly decreased at T15-T75 in XM, at all time points in XMO, and at T15 and T30 in XT. Sedation at T15 and T30 in XM and XMO was greater than in the other treatments. Conclusions and clinical relevance The combinations of methadone, morphine or tramadol with xylazine resulted in cardiopulmonary changes similar to those induced by xylazine alone in sheep. The combinations provided better sedation, principally at 15 minutes and 30 minutes following administration. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/00831-0 - Efeitos cardiorrespiratórios e sedativos da acepromazina ou xilazina associada a metadona, morfina ou tramadol em ovinos
Beneficiário:Isadora Oliveira Junqueira Villela
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica