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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Role of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol in aversive responses mediated by the dorsolateral periaqueductal grey

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Autor(es):
Gobira, P. H. [1] ; Almeida-Santos, A. F. [1] ; Guimaraes, F. S. [2, 3] ; Moreira, F. A. [1] ; Aguiar, D. C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Biol Sci, Dept Pharmacol, Av Pres Antonio Carlos 6627, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Interdisciplinary Res Appl Neurosci NAPNA, BR-05508 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Pharmacol, Av Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: European Neuropsychopharmacology; v. 26, n. 1, p. 15-22, JAN 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) is an endogenous ligand of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor. This endocannabinoid and its hydrolyzing enzyme, monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), are present in encephalic regions related to psychiatric disorders, including the midbrain dorsolateral periaqueductal grey (dlPAG). The dlPAG is implicated in panic disorder and its stimulation results in defensive responses proposed as a model of panic attacks. The present work verified if facilitation of 2-AG signalling in the dlPAG counteracts panic-like responses induced by local chemical stimulation. Intra-dlPAG injection of 2-AG prevented panic-like response induced by the excitatory amino acid N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA). This effect was mimicked by the 2-AG hydrolysis inhibitor (MAGL preferring inhibitor) URB602. The anti-aversive effect of URB602 was reversed by the CB1 receptor antagonist, AM251. Additionally, a combination of sub-effective doses of 2-AG and URB602 also prevented NMDA-induced panic-like response. Finally, immunofluorescence assay showed a significant increase in c-Fos positive cells in the dlPAG after local administration of NMDA. This response was also prevented by URB602. These data support the hypothesis that 2-AG participates in anti-aversive mechanisms in the dlPAG and reinforce the proposal that facilitation of endocannabinoid signalling could be a putative target for developing additional treatments against panic and other anxiety-related disorders. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/17626-7 - Mecanismos celulares e moleculares envolvidos no papel de neurotransmissores atípicos em transtornos neuropsiquiátricos
Beneficiário:Francisco Silveira Guimaraes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático