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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Dendritic Cells Are Involved in the Effects of Exercise in a Model of Asthma

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Autor(es):
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Mackenzie, Breanne [1] ; Andrade-Sousa, Adilson Santos [1] ; Oliveira-Junior, Manoel Carneiro [1] ; Assumpcao-Neto, Erasmo [1] ; Rodrigues Brandao-Rangel, Maysa Alves [1] ; Silva-Renno, Adriano [1] ; Santos-Dias, Alana [1] ; Cicko, Sanja [2, 3] ; Grimm, Melanie [2, 3] ; Mueller, Tobias [2, 3] ; Ligeiro Oliveira, Ana Paula [1] ; Martins, Milton Arruda [4] ; Idzko, Marco [2, 3] ; Vieira, Rodolfo Paula [1]
Número total de Autores: 14
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Nove de Julho Univ UNINOVE, Lab Pulm & Exercise Immunol LABPEI, Rua Vergueiro 235-249, BR-01504001 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Hosp Freigurg, COPD, Freiburg - Germany
[3] Univ Hosp Freigurg, Asthma Res Grp, Freiburg - Germany
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Clin Med LIM 20, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE; v. 48, n. 8, p. 1459-1467, AUG 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Introduction: This study investigated the effects of aerobic exercise (AE) on both the maturation of dendritic cells (DC) and the activation of lymphocytes in a mouse model of chronic allergic airway inflammation. Methods: C57BL/6 mice distributed into control, exercise, ovalbumin (OVA), and OVA + exercise groups were submitted to OVA sensitization and challenge. Treadmill training was performed for 4 wk, and mice were assessed for classical features of chronic allergic airway inflammation as well as dendritic cell activation and T-lymphocyte response. Results: AE reduced OVA-induced eosinophilic inflammation as observed in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (P < 0.001), airway walls (P < 0001), and also reduced collagen deposition (P < 0.001). AE also reduced bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cytokines (interleukin {[}IL]-4, P < 0.001; IL-5, P < 0.01; IL-6, P < 0.001; IL-13, P < 0.01; and tumor necrosis factor >, P < 0.01). Cells derived from mediastinal lymphnodes of AE animals that were restimulated with OVA produced less IL-4 (P < 0.01), IL-5 (P < 0.01), and IL-13 (P < 0.001). In addition, AE reduced both DC activation, as demonstrated by reduced release of IL-6 (P < 0.001), CXCL1/KC (P < 0.01), IL-12p70 (P < 0.01), and tumor necrosis factor > (P < 0.05) and DC maturation, as demonstrated by lower MCH-II expression (P < 0.001). Conclusion: AE attenuated dendritic cell and lymphocyte activation and maturation, which contributed to reduced airway inflammation and remodeling in the OVA model of chronic allergic airway inflammation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/15165-2 - Papel da sinalização purinérgica e da sinalização SOCS-JAK-STAT nos efeitos antiinflamatórios do treinamento aeróbio em modelos experimentais de asma e em indivíduos asmáticos
Beneficiário:Rodolfo de Paula Vieira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 15/50079-8 - A deep dive in the world of dendritic cells: their role in asthma and in exercise immunology
Beneficiário:Rodolfo de Paula Vieira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular