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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Ultrastructural changes in the epidermis of petals of the sweet orange infected by Colletotrichum acutatum

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Autor(es):
Marques, Joao Paulo R. ; Amorim, Lilian ; Sposito, Marcel B. ; Appezzato-da-Gloria, Beatriz
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PROTOPLASMA; v. 253, n. 5, p. 1233-1242, SEP 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Postbloom fruit drop (PFD) is an important disease caused by the fungus Colletotrichum acutatum. PFD is characterised by the formation of necrotic lesions on the petals and stigmas of flowers as well as premature abscission of the fruit in Citrus spp. We compare the ultrastructure of the epidermis of uninoculated Citrus sinensis petals with that of petals inoculated with the fungus to understand the changes that occur upon C. acutatum infection. Healthy petals have a cuticle with parallel striations covering the uniseriate epidermis. This pattern consists of vacuolated parietal cells whose cytoplasm contains mitochondria, plastids with an undeveloped endomembrane system and a slightly dense stroma, a poorly developed rough endoplasmic reticulum, polysomes, few lipid droplets, and a nucleus positioned near the inner periclinal wall. In damaged regions, the cytoplasm of some cells is densely packed with well-developed endoplasmic reticulum, a large number of hyperactive dictyosomes, numerous mitochondria, and many lipid droplets. The plastids have an electron-dense stroma, starch grains, and a large amount of electron-dense lipid droplets, which can be released into vacuoles or the endoplasmic reticulum. Multivesicular bodies and myelin bodies are frequently observed in the vacuole, cytoplasm, and periplasmic space. Vesicles migrate through the cell wall and are involved in the deposition of cuticular material. In the later stages of infection, there is deposition of new cuticle layers in plaques. The outer periclinal walls can be thick. These observations indicate that epidermal cells respond to the pathogen, resulting in cuticular and parietal changes, which may limit further infection. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/00425-6 - Podridão floral dos citros: histopatologia de Colletotrichum acutatum
Beneficiário:João Paulo Rodrigues Marques
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/54176-4 - Epidemiologia molecular e manejo da podridão floral dos citros em áreas de expansão da cultura no estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Lilian Amorim
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático