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Integrating multiple evidences in taxonomy: species diversity and phylogeny of mustached bats (Mormoopidae: Pteronotus)

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Pavan, Ana Carolina ; Marroig, Gabriel
Número total de Autores: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution; v. 103, p. 184-198, OCT 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 18

A phylogenetic systematic perspective is instrumental in recovering new species and their evolutionary relationships. The advent of new technologies for molecular and morphological data acquisition and analysis, allied to the integration of knowledge from different areas, such as ecology and population genetics, allows for the emergence of more rigorous, accurate and complete scientific hypothesis on species diversity. Mustached bats (genus Pteronotus) are a good model for the application of this integrative approach. They are a widely distributed and a morphologically homogeneous group, but comprising species with remarkable differences in their echolocation strategy and feeding behavior. The latest systematic review suggested six species with 17 subspecies in Pteronotus. Subsequent studies using discrete morphological characters supported the same arrangement. However, recent papers reported high levels of genetic divergence among conspecific taxa followed by bioacoustic and geographic agreement, suggesting an underestimated diversity in the genus. To date, no study merging genetic evidences and morphometric variation along the entire geographic range of this group has been attempted. Based on a comprehensive sampling including representatives of all current taxonomic units, we attempt to delimit species in Pteronotus through the application of multiple methodologies and hierarchically distinct datasets. The molecular approach includes six molecular markers from three genetic transmission systems; morphological investigations used 41 euclidean distances estimated through three-dimensional landmarks collected from 1628 skulls. The phylogenetic analysis reveals a greater diversity than previously reported, with a high correspondence among the genetic lineages and the currently recognized subspecies in the genus. Discriminant analysis of variables describing size and shape of cranial bones support the rising of the genetic groups to the specific status. Based on multiples evidences, we present an updated taxonomic arrangement composed by 16 extant species and a new and more robust phylogenetic hypothesis for the species included in the genus Pteronotus. Studies developed under such integrative taxonomic approach are timely for a deeper and wider comprehension of Neotropical diversity, representing the first step for answering broader questions on evolutionary and ecological aspects of Neotropical life history. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/14295-7 - Modularidade e suas consequências evolutivas
Beneficiário:Gabriel Henrique Marroig Zambonato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 09/54731-0 - Sistemática e história evolutiva do gênero de morcegos neotropical Pteronotus (Chiroptera: Mormoopidae)
Beneficiário:Ana Carolina D'Oliveira Pavan
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado