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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Molecular effects of 1-naphthyl-methylcarbamate and solar radiation exposures on human melanocytes

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Autor(es):
Ferrucio, Bianca ; Tiago, Manoela ; Fannin, Richard D. ; Liu, Liwen ; Gerrish, Kevin ; Maria-Engler, Silvya Stuchi ; Paules, Richard S. ; de Moraes Barros, Silvia Berlanga
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO; v. 38, p. 67-76, FEB 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Carbaryl (1-naphthyl-methylcarbamate), a broad-spectrum insecticide, has recently been associated with the development of cutaneous melanoma in an epidemiological cohort study with U.S. farm workers also exposed to ultraviolet radiation, the main etiologic factor for skin carcinogenesis. We hypothesized that carbaryl exposure may increase deleterious effects of UV solar radiation on skin melanocytes. This study aimed to characterize human melanocytes after individual or combined exposure to carbaryl (100 mu M) and solar radiation (375 mJ/cm(2)). In a microarray analysis, carbaryl, but not solar radiation, induced an oxidative stress response, evidenced by the upregulation of antioxidant genes, such as Hemeoxygenase-1 (HMOX1), and downregulation of Microphtalmia-associated Transcription Factor (MITF), the main regulator of melanocytic activity; results were confirmed by qRT-PCR. Carbaryl and solar radiation induced a gene response suggestive of DNA damage and cell cycle alteration. The expression of CDKNIA, BRCA1/2 and MDM2 genes was notably more intense in the combined treatment group, in a synergistic manner. Flow cytometry assays demonstrated S-phase cell cycle arrest, reduced apoptosis levels and faster induction of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPD) lesions in carbaryl treated groups. Our data suggests that carbaryl is genotoxic to human melanocytes, especially when associated with solar radiation. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/12616-0 - Influência do carbaril sobre os efeitos da radiação UV em melanócitos humanos em cultura
Beneficiário:Silvia Berlanga de Moraes Barros
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/17891-7 - Avaliação da influência do carbaril sobre os efeitos da radiação UV em melanócitos humanos em cultura
Beneficiário:Bianca Ferrucio
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/23621-8 - Perfil de expressão gênica em células de melanócitos humanos após exposição ao carbaril e radiação UV
Beneficiário:Bianca Ferrucio
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado