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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Beyond neutral and forbidden links: morphological matches and the assembly of mutualistic hawkmoth-plant networks

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Autor(es):
Sazatornil, Federico D. ; More, Marcela ; Benitez-Vieyra, Santiago ; Cocucci, Andrea A. ; Kitching, Ian J. ; Schlumpberger, Boris O. ; Oliveira, Paulo E. ; Sazima, Marlies ; Amorim, Felipe W.
Número total de Autores: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Animal Ecology; v. 85, n. 6, p. 1586-1594, NOV 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 24
Resumo

1. A major challenge in evolutionary ecology is to understand how co-evolutionary processes shape patterns of interactions between species at community level. Pollination of flowers with long corolla tubes by long-tongued hawkmoths has been invoked as a showcase model of co-evolution. Recently, optimal foraging models have predicted that there might be a close association between mouthparts' length and the corolla depth of the visited flowers, thus favouring trait convergence and specialization at community level. 2. Here, we assessed whether hawkmoths more frequently pollinate plants with floral tube lengths similar to their proboscis lengths (morphological match hypothesis) against abundance-based processes (neutral hypothesis) and ecological trait mismatches constraints (forbidden links hypothesis), and how these processes structure hawkmoth-plant mutualistic networks from five communities in four biogeographical regions of South America. 3. We found convergence in morphological traits across the five communities and that the distribution of morphological differences between hawkmoths and plants is consistent with expectations under the morphological match hypothesis in three of the five communities. In the two remaining communities, which are ecotones between two distinct biogeographical areas, interactions are better predicted by the neutral hypothesis. 4. Our findings are consistent with the idea that diffuse co-evolution drives the evolution of extremely long proboscises and flower tubes, and highlight the importance of morphological traits, beyond the forbidden links hypothesis, in structuring interactions between mutualistic partners, revealing that the role of niche-based processes can be much more complex than previously known. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/12595-7 - Composição florística, estrutura e funcionamento da Floresta Ombrófila Densa dos Núcleos Picinguaba e Santa Virgínia do Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, estado de São Paulo, Brasil
Beneficiário:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 07/58666-3 - Diversidade, composição florística e biologia reprodutiva da comunidade de plantas esfingófilas de Floresta Ombrófila Densa Montana - Mata Atlântica, no sudoeste brasileiro
Beneficiário:Felipe Wanderley de Amorim
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado