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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Phylogenetic patterns and the adaptive evolution of osmoregulation in fiddler crabs (Brachyura, Uca)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Faria, Samuel Coelho ; Provete, Diogo Borges ; Thurman, Carl Leo ; McNamara, John Campbell
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 12, n. 2 FEB 9 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Salinity is the primary driver of osmoregulatory evolution in decapods, and may have influenced their diversification into different osmotic niches. In semi-terrestrial crabs, hyperosmoregulatory ability favors sojourns into burrows and dilute media, and provides a safeguard against hemolymph dilution; hypo-osmoregulatory ability underlies emersion capability and a life more removed from water sources. However, most comparative studies have neglected the roles of the phylogenetic and environmental components of inter-specific physiological variation, hindering evaluation of phylogenetic patterns and the adaptive nature of osmoregulatory evolution. Semi-terrestrial fiddler crabs (Uca) inhabit fresh to hyper-saline waters, with species from the Americas occupying higher intertidal habitats than Indo-west Pacific species mainly found in the low intertidal zone. Here, we characterize numerous osmoregulatory traits in all ten fiddler crabs found along the Atlantic coast of Brazil, and we employ phylogenetic comparative methods using 24 species to test for: (i) similarities of osmoregulatory ability among closely related species; (ii) salinity as a driver of osmoregulatory evolution; (iii) correlation between salt uptake and secretion; and (iv) adaptive peaks in osmoregulatory ability in the high intertidal American lineages. Our findings reveal that osmoregulation in Uca exhibits strong phylogenetic patterns in salt uptake traits. Salinity does not correlate with hyper/hypo-regulatory abilities, but drives hemolymph osmolality at ambient salinities. Osmoregulatory traits have evolved towards three adaptive peaks, revealing a significant contribution of hyper/hypo-regulatory ability in the American clades. Thus, during the evolutionary history of fiddler crabs, salinity has driven some of the osmoregulatory transformations that underpin habitat diversification, although others are apparently constrained phylogenetically. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/08852-0 - A história evolutiva da homeostase térmica e metabólica em um clado de caranguejos neotropicais do entre-marés (Decapoda, Eubrachyura)
Beneficiário:Samuel Coelho de Faria
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/56305-6 - Osmorregulação e a invasão da água doce pelos Ocypodidae (Decapoda, Brachyura)
Beneficiário:Samuel Coelho de Faria
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 09/50799-0 - Carl Leo Thurman II | University of Northern Iowa - Estados Unidos
Beneficiário:John Campbell McNamara
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisador Visitante - Internacional
Processo FAPESP: 16/13949-7 - Padrões e processos na origem e diversificação da biodiversidade de vertebrados terrestres na Floresta Atlântica brasileira
Beneficiário:Diogo Borges Provete
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 07/04870-9 - Estratégias fisiológicas adaptativas nos crustáceos: a invasão da água doce e as bases moleculares e estruturais da osmorregulação
Beneficiário:John Campbell McNamara
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular