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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Floral biology, nectar secretion pattern and fruit set of a threatened Bignoniaceae tree from Brazilian tropical forest

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Autor(es):
Souza, Camila Vaz ; Nepi, Massimo ; Machado, Silvia Rodrigues ; Guimaraes, Elza
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FLORA; v. 227, p. 46-55, FEB 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Zeyheria tuberculosa, a Bignoniaceae tree that occurs in a broad latitudinal range in Brazilian forests, is a threatened species of seasonal tropical forest. It is crucial to enhance the knowledge on this species' floral biology, since interactions related to reproduction of plants are critical for the long term maintenance of their populations. Thus, we investigated the sexual reproduction and floral biology of Z. tuberculosa, including nectar features, aiming to understand the ecological processes associated to this mutualistic plant-animal interaction in the current modified landscape. For this, we performed experiments under natural conditions and in the laboratory. All the evaluated plants were self-incompatible. Zeyheria tuberculosa was pollinated by Bombus pauloensis, a medium-sized bee, and offered hexose-rich nectar as resource. Flowers were also visited by small-sized bee species, Trigona spinipes, that acted as pollen thief, and Pseudoaugochlora pandora and P. graminae that acted as nectar thieves. These three bee groups exhibited temporal separation in the peak of visits throughout the day. The peak of pollinator visits occurred firstly, which may allow the pollinator to access nectar and pollen loads before they are exploited by thieves. However, bee pollinator visits were scarce, and this fact, associated to the self-incompatibility of Z. tuberculosa, may explain the low fruit set registered in the studied plants. It could be of special concern for this threatened species maintenance in the medium and long term, which depends on the offspring originated by sexual reproduction. (C) 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/17611-7 - Glândulas florais e interações com polinizadores em Bignoniaceae de cerrado
Beneficiário:Elza Maria Guimarães Santos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/55434-7 - Estruturas secretoras em espécies vegetais de cerrado: abordagens morfológica, química e ecológica
Beneficiário:Silvia Rodrigues Machado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático