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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

In vitro assessment of safety and probiotic potential characteristics of Lactobacillus strains isolated from water buffalo mozzarella cheese

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Autor(es):
Casarotti, Sabrina Neves ; Carneiro, Bruno Moreira ; Todorov, Svetoslav Dimitrov ; Nero, Luis Augusto ; Rahal, Paula ; Barretto Penna, Ana Lucia
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANNALS OF MICROBIOLOGY; v. 67, n. 4, p. 289-301, APR 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and probiotic potential characteristics of ten Lactobacillus spp. strains (Lactobacillus fermentum SJRP30, Lactobacillus casei SJRP37, SJRP66, SJRP141, SJRP145, SJRP146, and SJRP169, and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus SJRP50, SJRP76, and SJRP149) that had previously been isolated from water buffalo mozzarella cheese. The safety of the strains was analyzed based on mucin degradation, hemolytic activity, resistance to antibiotics and the presence of genes encoding virulence factors. The in vitro tests concerning probiotic potential included survival under simulated gastrointestinal (GI) tract conditions, intestinal epithelial cell adhesion, the presence of genes encoding adhesion, aggregation and colonization factors, antimicrobial activity, and the production of the beta-galactosidase enzyme. Although all strains presented resistance to several antibiotics, the resistance was limited to antibiotics to which the strains had intrinsic resistance. Furthermore, the strains presented a limited spread of genes encoding virulence factors and resistance to antibiotics, and none of the strains presented hemolytic or mucin degradation activity. The L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus strains showed the lowest survival rate after exposure to simulated GI tract conditions, whereas all of the L. casei and L. fermentum strains showed good survivability. None of the tested lactobacilli strains presented bile salt hydrolase (BSH) activity, and only L. casei SJRP145 did not produce the beta-galactosidase enzyme. The strains showed varied levels of adhesion to Caco-2 cells. None of the cell-free supernatants inhibited the growth of pathogenic target microorganisms. Overall, L. fermentum SJRP30 and L. casei SJRP145 and SJRP146 were revealed to be safe and to possess similar or superior probiotic characteristics compared to the reference strain L. rhamnosus GG (ATCC 53103). (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/02131-8 - Seleção e incorporação de cepa com potencial probiótico a uma matriz alimentícia contendo fibra dietética e efeito do produto fermentado simbiótico sobre a microbiota intestinal em simulador do ecossistema microbiano humano
Beneficiário:Ana Lúcia Barretto Penna
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/02132-4 - Seleção e incorporação de cepa com potencial probiótico a uma matriz alimentícia contendo fibra dietética e efeito do produto fermentado simbiótico sobre a microbiota intestinal em simulador do ecossistema microbiano humano
Beneficiário:Sabrina Neves Casarotti
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado