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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Complexation of oxethazaine with 2-hydroxypropyl--cyclodextrin: increased drug solubility, decreased cytotoxicity and analgesia at inflamed tissues

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Autor(es):
Prado, Andressa R. ; Yokaichiya, Fabiano ; Kobayashi Dias Franco, Margareth Kazuyo ; Goncalves da Silva, Camila Morais ; Oliveira-Nascimento, Laura ; Franz-Montan, Michelle ; Volpato, Maria C. ; Cabeca, Luis F. ; de Paula, Eneida
Número total de Autores: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology; v. 69, n. 6, p. 652-662, JUN 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

ObjectivesOxethazaine (OXZ) is one of the few local anaesthetics that provides analgesia at low pH, but presents poor solubility, cytotoxicity and no parenteral formulations. To address these issues, we aimed to prepare OXZ host-guest inclusion complex with hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP--CD). MethodsThe inclusion complex was formed by co-solubilization, followed by a job plot analysis to determine stoichiometry of complexation and dialysis equilibrium analysis (based on UV/VIS absorption and fluorescence profiles of OXZ). Complex formation was confirmed by phase-solubility data, X-ray, Scanning Electron Microscopy and DOSY-H-1-NMR experiments. In vitro cytotoxicity was analysed by MTT test in 3T3 fibroblasts. In vivo analgesia was tested by Von Frey test (inflammatory wounds - rats). Key findingsOxethazaine complexed (1 : 1 molar ratio) with HP--CD, as indicated by loss of OZX crystalline structure (X-ray) and strong host: guest interaction (NMR, K = 198/M), besides increased solubility. In vitro cell survival improved with the complex (IC50 OXZ = 28.9 m, OXZ : HP--CD = 57.8 m). In addition, the complex (0.1% OXZ) promoted in vivo analgesia for the same time that 2% lidocaine/epinephrine did. ConclusionOur results show that complexation improved physicochemical and biological properties of OXZ, allowing its application to inflamed tissues by parenteral routes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/14457-5 - Carreadores baseados em lipídios (SLN/NLC e lipossomas com gradiente iônico) como estratégia para aumentar a encapsulação e a potência de anestésicos locais
Beneficiário:Eneida de Paula
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático