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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The impact of intelligence on memory and executive functions of children with temporal lobe epilepsy: Methodological concerns with clinical relevance

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Autor(es):
Rzezak, Patricia ; Guimaraes, Catarina A. ; Guerreiro, Marilisa M. ; Valente, Kette D.
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC NEUROLOGY; v. 21, n. 3, p. 500-506, MAY 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Purpose: Patients with TLE are prone to have lower IQ scores than healthy controls. Nevertheless, the impact of IQ differences is not usually considered in studies that compared the cognitive functioning of children with and without epilepsy. This study aimed to determine the effect of using IQ as a covariate on memory and attentional/executive functions of children with TLE. Methods: Thirty-eight children and adolescents with TLE and 28 healthy controls paired as to age, gender, and sociodemographic factors were evaluated with a comprehensive neuropsychological battery for memory and executive functions. The authors conducted three analyses to verify the impact of IQ scores on the other cognitive domains. First, we compared performance on cognitive tests without controlling for IQ differences between groups. Second, we performed the same analyses, but we included IQ as a confounding factor. Finally, we evaluated the predictive value of IQ on cognitive functioning. Results: Although patients had IQ score in the normal range, they showed lower IQ scores than controls (p = 0.001). When we did not consider IQ in the analyses, patients had worse performance in verbal and visual memory (short and long-term), semantic memory, sustained, divided and selective attention, mental flexibility and mental tracking for semantic information. By using IQ as a covariate, patients showed worse performance only in verbal memory (long-term), semantic memory, sustained and divided attention and in mental flexibility. IQ was a predictor factor of verbal and visual memory (immediate and delayed), working memory, mental flexibility and mental tracking for semantic information. Conclusion: Intelligence level had a significant impact on memory and executive functioning of children and adolescents with TLE without intellectual disability. This finding opens the discussion of whether IQ scores should be considered when interpreting the results of differences in cognitive performance of patients with epilepsy compared to healthy volunteers. (C) 2017 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/11361-4 - Estudo de associação entre polimorfismos de genes da via serotoninérgica e epilepsia do lobo temporal causada por esclerose hipocampal
Beneficiário:Kette Dualibi Ramos Valente
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/13065-0 - Uso de assinaturas neurobiológicas para a determinação de idosos sujeitos à Doença de Alzheimer
Beneficiário:Patricia Rzezak Tencer
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/09025-3 - Funções executivas e de memória em pacientes com esclerose mesial temporal: associação entre a avaliação neuropsicológica e novas técnicas de neuroimagem
Beneficiário:Geraldo Busatto Filho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular