Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Resource partitioning between sympatric starfish from tropical unconsolidated substrate: Implications for coexistence and top-down control on benthic prey

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Fernandez, Wellington S. ; Dias, Gustavo M. ; Majer, Alessandra P. ; Delboni, Cynthia G. ; Denadai, Marcia R. ; Turra, Alexander
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE; v. 196, p. 141-149, SEP 5 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Starfish are important predators that may shape rocky shore communities, but their ecological role in unconsolidated substrate communities is still poorly known. We assessed the feeding niche overlap of two sympatric starfish, Astropecten marginatus and Luidia senegalensis, from the shallow subtidal zone in southeastern Brazil. During one year, we conducted monthly samples to compare diet composition, abundance and frequency of occurrence of each food item between species. With 24 of the 34 food items identified in this study consumed by both species, they exhibited generalist behaviors, with a more diverse diet during the warm periods, when the main prey items were abundant. However, A. marginatus showed more variation in abundance of prey consumed over time than L. senegalensis. The diet of A. marginatus consisted primarily of the bivalve Tivela mactroides and L senegalensis of the bivalve Mulinia cleryana. The size of T mactroides was positively correlated to the size of A. marginatus, while only small-sized individuals of L. senegalensis consumed this item, the most abundant prey in the area and an important food resource for local the community. The large quantity and variety of items consumed by both species support the structuring role of starfish in subtidal unconsolidated substrate communities, exerting a generalist top-down control, primarily on dominant bivalve populations. Temporal variation in the availability of the main prey may change how selective are both species. The differences in prey composition between species and the ontogenetic differences in prey selectivity by L senegalensis may attenuate interspecific competition, facilitating their coexistence. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/19826-6 - Influência da acidificação na dinâmica populacional de Astropecten marginatus e Luidia senegalensis (Echinodermata: Asteroidea)
Beneficiário:Wellington Silva Fernandez
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 06/57575-1 - Avaliação do impacto da predação e de eventos de mortalidade em massa no estoque do berbigão Tivela mactroides (Born, 1778) (Mollusca, Veneridae) na Enseada de Caraguatatuba
Beneficiário:Márcia Regina Denadai
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores