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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Cannabidiol disrupts the consolidation of specific and generalized fear memories via dorsal hippocampus CB1 and CB2 receptors

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Autor(es):
Stern, Cristina A. J. [1] ; da Silva, Thiago R. [1] ; Raymundi, Ana M. [1] ; de Souza, Camila P. [1] ; Hiroaki-Sato, Vinicius A. [1] ; Kato, Luiza [1] ; Guimaraes, Francisco S. [2] ; Andreatini, Roberto [1] ; Takahashi, Reinaldo N. [3] ; Bertoglio, Leandro J. [3]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Parana, Dept Pharmacol, Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pharmacol, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Dept Pharmacol, Florianopolis, SC - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Neuropharmacology; v. 125, p. 220-230, OCT 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 17
Resumo

Pharmacological interventions able to modulate a fear memory while it is consolidated could have therapeutic value in tempering those maladaptively overconsolidated. Animal and human studies have shown the intensity of unconditioned stimulus delivered during fear conditioning influences qualitative and quantitative aspects of the memory to be established. By varying the shock intensity used for contextual pairing in rats, here we induced specific and more generalized long-term fear memories to investigate whether, how and where in the brain the cannabidiol (CBD; 3.0-30 mg/kg i.p.) could impair their consolidation and related outcomes. When given immediately after their acquisition, it reduced respectively the conditioned fear expression, and fear generalization, ultrasonic vocalizations at 22-kHz and the relative resistance to extinction. CBD had no effects on short-term fear memory, and its delayed treatment no longer affected the consolidation process. As the dorsal hippocampus (DH) modulates fear memory specificity and generalization, and cannabinoid type-I (CB1) and type-2 (CB2) receptors contribute to consolidation, we investigated their involvement in CBD effects. Both systemic and intra-DH treatment with the CB1 receptor antagonist/inverse agonist AM251 or the CB2 receptorant agonist/inverse agonist AM630 prevented the disrupting CBD effects on consolidation. Since the CBD effects on the endocannabinoid transmission are probably indirect, we investigated and demonstrated the FAAH inhibitor URB597 induced effects similar to those of CBD when given systemically or intra-DH. Altogether, the present results suggest the CBD disrupts the consolidation of different fear memories via anandamide-mediated activation of DH CB1 and CB2 receptors. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/17626-7 - Mecanismos celulares e moleculares envolvidos no papel de neurotransmissores atípicos em transtornos neuropsiquiátricos
Beneficiário:Francisco Silveira Guimaraes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático