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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Panic-like escape response elicited in mice by exposure to CO2, but not hypoxia

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Autor(es):
Spiacci, Jr., Ailton [1] ; Vilela-Costa, Heloisa H. [1] ; Sant'Ana, Ana Beatriz [1] ; Fernandes, Gabriel Gripp [1] ; Frias, Alana Tercino [1] ; Ferreira da Silva, Glauber S. [2] ; Antunes-Rodrigues, Jose [3] ; Zangrossi, Jr., Helio [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Pharmacol, Av Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP FCAV, Dept Anim Morphol & Physiol, Jaboticabal - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Physiol, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PROGRESS IN NEURO-PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY & BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY; v. 81, p. 178-186, FEB 2 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Exposure to elevated concentrations of CO2 or hypoxia has been widely used in psychiatric research as a panic provoking stimulus. However, the use of these respiratory challenges to model panic-like responses in experimental animals has been less straightforward. Little data is available, from behavioral and endocrine perspectives, to support the conclusion that a marked aversive situation, such as that experienced during panic attacks, was evoked in these animals. We here compared the behavioral responses of male CB57BL/6 mice during exposure to 20% CO2 or 7% O-2 and its consequence on plasma levels of corticosterone. We also evaluated whether clinically-effective panicolytic drugs affect the behavioral responses expressed during CO2 exposure. The results showed that whereas hypoxia caused a marked reduction in locomotion, inhalation of CO2-enriched air evoked an active escape response, characterized by bouts of upward leaps directed to the border of the experimental cage, interpreted as escape attempts. Corticosterone levels were increased 30 min after either of the respiratory challenges used, but it was higher in the hypoxia group. Chronic (21 days), but not acute, treatment with fluoxetine or imipramine (5, 10 or 15 mg/kg) or a single injection of alprazolam (0.025, 0.05 or 0.1 mg/kg), but not of the anxiolytic diazepam (0.025, 0.05 or 0.1 and 1 mg/kg) reduced the number of escape attempts, indicating a panicolytic-like effect. Altogether, the results suggest that whereas hypoxia increased anxiety, exposure to 20% CO2 evoked a panic-like state. The latter condition/test protocol seems to be a simple and validated model for studying in mice pathophysiological mechanisms and the screening of novel drugs for panic disorder. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/17626-7 - Mecanismos celulares e moleculares envolvidos no papel de neurotransmissores atípicos em transtornos neuropsiquiátricos
Beneficiário:Francisco Silveira Guimaraes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático