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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Flaxseed oil rich in omega-3 protects aorta against inflammation and endoplasmic reticulum stress partially mediated by GPR120 receptor in obese, diabetic and dyslipidemic mice models

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Moura-Assis, Alexandre [1] ; Afonso, Milessa Silva [2] ; de Oliveira, Vanessa [1] ; Morari, Joseane [3] ; dos Santos, Gustavo Aparecido [4] ; Koike, Marcia [2] ; Lottenberg, Ana Maria ; Catharino, Rodrigo Ramos [4] ; Velloso, Licio Augusto [3] ; Ramos da Silva, Adelino Sanchez [5] ; de Moura, L. P. [6] ; Ropelle, Eduardo Rochete [6] ; Pauli, Jose Rodrigo [6] ; Correa Cintra, Dennys Esper [1, 7]
Número total de Autores: 14
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas Limeira, Sch Appl Sci, Lab Nutr Genom, R Pedro Zaccaria 1300, Limeira, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Sci, Lipids Lab LIM10, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Med Sci, Lab Cell Signaling, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Med Sci, INNOVARE Biomarkers Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Campinas Limeira, Sch Appl Sci, Lab Mol Biol Exercise, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[7] Univ Campinas Limeira, Sch Appl Sci, Nutrigen & Lipids Ctr, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 8

The ``first hit{''} to atherogenesis is driven by toll-like receptor 4, endoplasmic reticulum stress and ultimately metabolic dysfunction. In this study, we hypothesized that a flaxseed oil-enriched diet (FS) abolishes these inflammatory signaling pathway and restore metabolic homeostasis by activating the fatty acid receptor GPR120 in aorta of obese mice. Glucose homeostasis was assessed by GTT and ITT; lipidomics was performed using a Hybrid Ion Trap-Orbitrap Mass Spectrometer; serum lipids were measured using colorimetric assays; GPR120 and infiltrating macrophages were analyzed by immunofluorescence; protein immunoprecipitation and gene expression were evaluated by Western blot and RT-PCR, respectively. There were no differences in body weight and food intake between the groups from both strains (Swiss and LDLr-KO mice). Gil and cholesterol levels were improved by FS in both mice models. Lipidomics showed an increase in omega 3 (C18:3) content, meanwhile stearic acid (C18:0) was not detected in endothelial tissue in response to FS. Moreover, FS markedly decreased pro inflammatory (IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, pI kappa B alpha, pIKK beta) and unfolded protein response markers (ATF6 and GRP78) in aorta. In Swiss mice, GPR120 was partially involved in the omega 3-mediated anti-inflammatory actions, disrupting TLR4 pathway, but not in LDLr-KO mice. Partial replacement of dietary saturated by unsaturated omega 3 fatty acids contributes to inhibition of cardiovascular risk markers, pro-inflammatory cytokines and ER stress sensors and effectors in the aorta. However, downregulation of inflammation is not mediated by arterial GPR120 activation. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/07129-6 - Ácidos graxos W3 e W9 no bloqueio de vias inflamatórias através do receptor GPR120: uma abordagem multi-orgânica
Beneficiário:Dennys Esper Corrêa Cintra
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores