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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Generalization of equivalence relations from photos to objects by preschool children

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Autor(es):
Ayres-Pereira, Vanessa [1, 2] ; Canovas, Daniela S. [3] ; Varella, Andre A. B. [4, 5] ; de Souza, Deisy G. [1, 5]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Oslo & Akershus Univ Coll, Oslo - Norway
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Catolica Dom Bosco, Campo Grande, MS - Brazil
[5] Natl Inst Sci & Technol Behav Cognit & Teaching I, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR; v. 109, n. 2, p. 394-407, MAR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Generalized equivalence classes are stimulus classes that consist of equivalent stimuli and other physically similar class-member stimuli. The present study evaluated whether preschool children would form equivalence classes among photos of abstract objects (2D) and show equivalence generalization to the corresponding objects (3D), printed photos (2D stimuli), and to black-and-white drawn pictures (2D stimuli). Six typically developing children were taught arbitrary relations to establish three 3-member equivalence classes with 2D stimuli presented on a computer screen. AB-AC baseline relations (for half of the participants) and AB-BC relations (for the other half) were taught using a multiple-probe design to assess taught and tested relations. After class formation, three types of generalization probes were conducted: generalization to 3D stimuli, generalization between 2D (printed photos) and 3D stimuli, and generalization to drawn pictures (2D). All of the participants formed the equivalence classes. Two participants met the criterion for all three generalization probe types. Two participants presented mixed results across tests, and two participants did not exhibit equivalence generalization. The results demonstrated equivalence generalization from 2D to 3D stimuli in preschool children, although the variability across participants suggests that such generalization cannot be assumed a priori. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/06422-6 - Reversões de discriminações simples sucessivas e classes de equivalência
Beneficiário:Daniela de Souza Canovas
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático