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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Involvement of cAMP/EPAC/Akt signaling in the antiproteolytic effects of pentoxifylline on skeletal muscles of diabetic rats

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Arcaro, Carlos Alberto [1] ; Assis, Renata Pires [1] ; Zanon, Neusa Maria [2] ; Paula-Gomes, Silvia [3] ; Carvalho Navegantes, Luiz Carlos [2] ; Kettelhut, Isis Carmo [2, 3] ; Brunetti, Iguatemy Lourenco [1] ; Baviera, Amanda Martins [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo State Univ, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Clin Anal, Rod Araraquara Jau Km 01 S-N, BR-14800903 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Physiol, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Biochem Immunol, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Applied Physiology; v. 124, n. 3, p. 704-716, MAR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Advances in the knowledge of the mechanisms controlling protein breakdown in skeletal muscles have allowed the exploration of new options for treating muscle-wasting conditions. Pentoxifylline (PTX), a nonselective phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, attenuates the loss of muscle mass during catabolic conditions, mainly via inhibiting protein breakdown. The aim of this study was to explore the mechanisms by which PTX inhibits proteolysis in the soleus and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The levels of atrogin-1 and muscle RING finger-1 were decreased, as were the activities of caspase-3 (EDL) and calpains (soleus and EDL), in diabetic rats treated with PTX, which at least partly explains the drop in the ubiquitin conjugate (EDL) levels and in proteasome activity (soleus and EDL). Treatment with PTX decreased PDE activity and increased cAMP content in muscles of diabetic rats; moreover, it also increased both the protein levels of exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (EPAC, a cAMP effector) and the phosphorylation of Akt. The loss of muscle mass was practically prevented in diabetic rats treated with PTX. These findings advance our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the antiproteolytic effects of PTX and suggest the use of PDE inhibitors as a strategy to activate cAMP signaling, which is emerging as a promising target for treating muscle mass loss during atrophic conditions. NEW \& NOTEWORTHY cAMP signaling has been explored as a strategy to attenuate skeletal muscle atrophies. Therefore, in addition to beta(2)AR agonists, phosphodiesterase inhibitors such as pentoxifylline (PTX) can be an interesting option. This study advances the understanding of the mechanisms related to the antiproteolytic effects of PTX on skeletal muscles of diabetic rats, which involve the activation of both exchange protein directly activated by cAMP and Akt effectors, inhibiting the expression of atrogenes and calpain/caspase-3-proteolytic machinery. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/18861-2 - Sinalização dependente de EPAC/AKT/FoxO e o controle do processo proteolítico mediado por caspase e do sistema ubiquitina-proteassoma na atrofia muscular induzida pelo diabetes
Beneficiário:Amanda Martins Baviera
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/12202-0 - Papel de efetores ativados por AMP cíclico, PKA e EPAC, no controle dos processos proteolíticos dependente de cálcio, mediado por caspase e do sistema ubiquitina-proteassoma na atrofia muscular induzida pelo diabetes
Beneficiário:Carlos Alberto Arcaro Filho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado