Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Photosynthetic responses of understory savanna plants: Implications for plant persistence in savannas under tree encroachment

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Rossatto, Davi Rodrigo [1] ; de Araujo, Paola Eduarda [1] ; Porfirio da Silva, Bianca Helena [1] ; Franco, Augusto Cesar [2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Biol, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, UNESP Campus Jaboticabal, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Brasilia, Inst Ciencias Biol, Dept Bot, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, BR-70910900 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FLORA; v. 240, p. 34-39, MAR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Savannas are ecosystems where plants are expected to have leaf-level adaptations conferring tolerance to high irradiances, which characterizes this type of open canopy vegetation. The neotropical savannas of Brazil (Cerrado) harbour a large diversity of heliophilous herbaceous species, which are threatened by the current invasion of those open canopy habitats by forest trees, increasing tree density and canopy cover, thereby strongly reducing light availability. In this study, we measured leaf pigment concentrations, specific leaf area and light response curves of photosynthesis to determine whether herbaceous species of open savanna habitats were less tolerant to shade than the ones that were more characteristic of forested savanna. Relative to species of forested savannas, herbaceous species of open savannas had heavier leaves with higher concentration of carotenoids. They also achieved higher photosynthetic rates, reaching light compensation and saturation at higher irradiances. Based on measurements of light compensation points and of prevailing irradiances in forested savannas, leaves of most herbaceous species of more open savannas would be strongly light-limited in sites with a dense woody layer. In summary, we provide evidence that forest tree encroachment of savannas would select for leaf trait combinations in the understory vegetation that would favor shade tolerance and, depending on the degree of leaf acclimatization to shade of individual species, could strongly constrain persistence of the current understory vegetation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/21857-2 - Teores de clorofila e carotenóides e sua relação com parâmetros morfofisiológicos foliares de espécies do Cerrado típico e do Cerrado adensado
Beneficiário:Bianca Helena Porfírio da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 13/18049-6 - Diversidade de estratégias ecofisiológicas em comunidades herbáceas de cerrado sensu stricto: um estudo de caso envolvendo distintas condições ambientais
Beneficiário:Davi Rodrigo Rossatto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores