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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Landscape-level effects on aboveground biomass of tropical forests: A conceptual framework

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Autor(es):
Melito, Melina [1] ; Metzger, Jean Paul [1] ; de Oliveira, Alexandre A. [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, Dept Ecol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY; v. 24, n. 2, p. 597-607, FEB 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Despite the general recognition that fragmentation can reduce forest biomass through edge effects, a systematic review of the literature does not reveal a clear role of edges in modulating biomass loss. Additionally, the edge effects appear to be constrained by matrix type, suggesting that landscape composition has an influence on biomass stocks. The lack of empirical evidence of pervasive edge-related biomass losses across tropical forests highlights the necessity for a general framework linking landscape structure with aboveground biomass. Here, we propose a conceptual model in which landscape composition and configuration mediate the magnitude of edge effects and seed-flux among forest patches, which ultimately has an influence on biomass. Our model hypothesizes that a rapid reduction of biomass can occur below a threshold of forest cover loss. Just below this threshold, we predict that changes in landscape configuration can strongly influence the patch's isolation, thus enhancing biomass loss. Moreover, we expect a synergism between landscape composition and patch attributes, where matrix type mediates the effects of edges on species decline, particularly for shade-tolerant species. To test our conceptual framework, we propose a sampling protocol where the effects of edges, forest amount, forest isolation, fragment size, and matrix type on biomass stocks can be assessed both collectively and individually. The proposed model unifies the combined effects of landscape and patch structure on biomass into a single framework, providing a new set of main drivers of biomass loss in human-modified landscapes. We argue that carbon trading agendas (e.g., REDD+) and carbon-conservation initiatives must go beyond the effects of forest loss and edges on biomass, considering the whole set of effects on biomass related to changes in landscape composition and configuration. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/05052-1 - Efeito da fragmentação florestal na biomassa de florestas tropicais
Beneficiário:Melina Oliveira Melito
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/02973-1 - Efeito de borda na biomassa de florestas neotropicais
Beneficiário:Melina Oliveira Melito
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado