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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

New Horizons in the Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes: More Intense Immunosuppression and Beta Cell Replacement

Texto completo
Couri, Carlos E. B. [1, 2] ; Malmegrim, Kelen C. R. [2, 3] ; Oliveira, Maria C. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Internal Med, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Reg Blood Ctr Ribeirao Preto, Ctr Cell Based Therapy, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Dept Clin Toxicol & Bromotol Anal, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY; v. 9, MAY 17 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3

Since the discovery of autoimmunity as the mam pathophysiologic process involved in type 1 diabetes, many attempts have tried to delay or stop beta cell destruction. Most research protocols in humans have investigated the effects of therapeutic agents targeting specific steps of the autoimmune response In spite of safety and some degree of beta cell preservation, the clinical impact of such approaches was similar to placebo. Recently, research groups have analyzed the effects of a more intense and wider immunologic approach in newly diagnosed type 1 diabetic individuals with the ``immunologic reset,{''} i.e., high-dose immunosuppression followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. This more aggressive approach has enabled the majority of patients to experience periods of insulin independence in parallel with relevant increments in C-peptide levels during mixed meal tolerance test. However, on long-term follow-up, almost all patients resumed exogenous insulin use, with subsequent decrease in C-peptide levels. This has been at least in part explained by persistence of islet-specific T-cell auto-reactivity Here, we discuss future steps to induce immune tolerance in individuals with type 1 diabetes, with emphasis on risks and possible benefits of a more intense transplant immunosuppressive regimen, as well as strategies of beta cell replacement not requiring immunomodulation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/08135-2 - CTC - Centro de Terapia Celular
Beneficiário:Dimas Tadeu Covas
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs