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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

New Horizons in the Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes: More Intense Immunosuppression and Beta Cell Replacement

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Author(s):
Couri, Carlos E. B. [1, 2] ; Malmegrim, Kelen C. R. [2, 3] ; Oliveira, Maria C. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Internal Med, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Reg Blood Ctr Ribeirao Preto, Ctr Cell Based Therapy, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Dept Clin Toxicol & Bromotol Anal, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY; v. 9, MAY 17 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Since the discovery of autoimmunity as the mam pathophysiologic process involved in type 1 diabetes, many attempts have tried to delay or stop beta cell destruction. Most research protocols in humans have investigated the effects of therapeutic agents targeting specific steps of the autoimmune response In spite of safety and some degree of beta cell preservation, the clinical impact of such approaches was similar to placebo. Recently, research groups have analyzed the effects of a more intense and wider immunologic approach in newly diagnosed type 1 diabetic individuals with the ``immunologic reset,{''} i.e., high-dose immunosuppression followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. This more aggressive approach has enabled the majority of patients to experience periods of insulin independence in parallel with relevant increments in C-peptide levels during mixed meal tolerance test. However, on long-term follow-up, almost all patients resumed exogenous insulin use, with subsequent decrease in C-peptide levels. This has been at least in part explained by persistence of islet-specific T-cell auto-reactivity Here, we discuss future steps to induce immune tolerance in individuals with type 1 diabetes, with emphasis on risks and possible benefits of a more intense transplant immunosuppressive regimen, as well as strategies of beta cell replacement not requiring immunomodulation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/08135-2 - CTC - Center for Cell-Based Therapy
Grantee:Dimas Tadeu Covas
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC