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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Epiisopilosine alkaloid has activity against Schistosoma mansoni in mice without acute toxicity

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Autor(es):
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Guimaraes, Maria A. [1, 2, 3] ; de Oliveira, Rosimeire N. [4, 5] ; de Almeida, Rebeca L. [1] ; Mafud, Ana C. [6, 7] ; Sarkis, V, Ana L. ; Ganassin, Rayane [8] ; da Silva, Marcos P. [9] ; Roquini, Daniel B. [9] ; Veras, Leiz M. [1] ; Sawada, Tania C. H. [3] ; Ropke, Cristina D. [2] ; Muehlmann, Luis A. [8, 10] ; Joanitti, Graziella A. [8, 10] ; Kuckelhaus, Selma A. S. [11] ; Allegretti, Silmara M. [4] ; Mascarenhas, Yvonne P. [6] ; de Moraes, Josue [9] ; Leite, Jose R. S. A. [2, 11]
Número total de Autores: 18
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Univ Fed Piaui, BIOTEC, Nucleo Pesquisa Biodiversidade & Biotecnol, Parnaiba, Piaui - Brazil
[2] Ponto Focal Univ Fed Piaui, RENORBIO, Programa Posgrad Biotecnol, Teresina, Piaui - Brazil
[3] Phytobios Pesquisa Desenvolvimento & Inovacao LTD, Parnaiba, Piaui - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Ponta Grossa, Ponta Grossa, Parana - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[7] Swiss Trop & Publ Hlth Inst, Dept Med Parasitol & Infect Biol, Basel - Switzerland
[8] Univ Brasilia, UNB, Lab Nanobiotecnol, Inst Biol, Campus Dacy Ribeiro, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[9] Univ Guarulhos, Nucleo Pesquisa Doencas Negligenciadas, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[10] Univ Brasilia, UNB, Fac Ceilandia, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[11] Sarkis, Ana L., V, Univ Brasilia, UNB, Fac Med, Campus Dacy Ribeiro, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 11
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 13, n. 5 MAY 11 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by parasites of the genus Schistosoma, currently affecting more than 200 million people. Among the various species of this parasite that infect humans, S. mansoni is the most common. Pharmacological treatment is limited to the use of a single drug, praziquantel (PZQ), despite reports of parasite resistance and low efficacy. It is therefore necessary to investigate new potential schistosomicidal compounds. In this study, we tested the efficacy of epiisopilosine (EPIIS) in a murine model of schistosomiasis. A single dose of EPIIS (100 or 400 mg/kg) administered orally to mice infected with adult S. mansoni resulted in reduced worm burden and egg production. The treatment with the lower dose of EPIIS (100 mg/kg) significantly reduced total worm burden by 60.61% (P < 0.001), as well as decreasing hepatosplenomegaly and egg excretion. Scanning electron microscopy revealed morphological changes in the worm tegument after treatment. Despite good activity of EPIIS in adult S. mansoni, oral treatment with single dose of EPIIS 100 mg/kg had only moderate effects in mice infected with juvenile S. mansoni. In addition, we performed cytotoxicity and toxicological studies with EPIIS and found no in vitro cytotoxicity (in HaCaT, and NIH-3T3 cells) at a concentration of 512 mu g/mL. We also performed in silico analysis of toxicological properties and showed that EPIIS had low predicted toxicity. To confirm this, we investigated systemic acute toxicity in vivo by orally administering a 2000 mg/kg dose to Swiss mice. Treated mice showed no significant changes in hematological, biochemical, or histological parameters compared to non-treated animals. Epiisopilosine showed potential as a schistosomicidal drug: it did not cause acute toxicity and it displayed an acceptable safety profile in the animal model. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/18023-5 - Estudos pré-clínicos da Epiisopiloturina e epiisopilosina e seus efeitos contra outros helmintos
Beneficiário:Ana Carolina Mafud
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/22488-3 - Reposicionamento de fármacos para doenças negligenciadas: identificação de novos agentes anti-helmínticos
Beneficiário:Josué de Moraes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular