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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Relative importance of anthropogenic landscape characteristics for Neotropical frugivores at multiple scales

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Autor(es):
Nagy-Reis, M. B. [1] ; Estevo, C. A. [1] ; Setz, E. Z. F. [1] ; Ribeiro, M. C. [2] ; Chiarello, A. G. [3] ; Nichols, J. D. [4]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Anim Biol, Bertrand Russel 1505, Mailbox 6109, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Ecol, Spatial Ecol & Conservat Lab LEEC, Rio Claro - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biol, Av Bandeirante 3900, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Florida, Dept Wildlife Ecol & Conservat, Gainesville, FL 32611 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANIMAL CONSERVATION; v. 20, n. 6, p. 520-531, DEC 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Frugivores are key components of Neotropical forests, regulating plant communities, forest structure, and plant diversity; however, they are highly threatened by human impacts worldwide. To effectively conserve this group, maintain their ecological functions, and plan management actions or establish future protected areas, we need to gather information about their relationship with the landscape attributes. Here, we used camera traps and call surveys (April 2013 to March 2014) to estimate the occupancy of seven frugivores (a rodent, two ungulates, two primates and two ground-dwelling birds) at 45 sampling sites distributed within a protected area of Atlantic Forest (35 000 ha) in south-east Brazil. We evaluated the relative effects of anthropogenic landscape variables, environmental attributes and geomorphometry on their occupancy at multiple scales. To achieve this, we measured landscape metrics at three spatial scales (200, 500 and 1000 m) around each sampling site and used multi-season occupancy modeling. Factors related to human presence or disturbance, such as human accessibility, proximity to the reserve, and forest cover, were the main predictors of occupancy by frugivorous game species (paca - Cuniculus paca; brocket deer - Mazama sp.; and collared peccary - Pecari tajacu). Strictly environmental and geomorphometric variables were weaker determinants of frugivore occupancy. Our results also suggest that weather, season and habitat-related variables can equally influence animal detection probability. Moreover, different species of frugivores responded differently to landscape attributes, and their response depended on the spatial landscape scale at which they perceive their habitat. This highlights the importance of a multi-taxa and multi-scale approach when assessing species-habitat relationships and planning wildlife management actions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07162-6 - Estimativa da ocupação da paisagem por mamíferos terrestres de médio e grande porte em uma área contínua de Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Eleonore Zulnara Freire Setz
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/50421-2 - Novos métodos de amostragem e ferramentas estatísticas para pesquisa em biodiversidade: integrando ecologia de movimento com ecologia de população e comunidade
Beneficiário:Milton Cezar Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular