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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of pH and aggregation in the human prion conversion into scrapie form: a study using molecular dynamics with excited normal modes

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Autor(es):
Lima, Angelica Nakagawa [1, 2] ; de Oliveira, Ronaldo Junio [2] ; Kimus Braz, Antonio Sergio [1] ; de Souza Costa, Mauricio Garcia [3] ; Perahia, David [4] ; Barbour Scott, Luis Paulo [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed ABC, Lab Biol Computac & Bioinformat, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Triangulo Mineiro, Inst Ciencias Exatas Nat & Educ, Dept Fis, Lab Biofis Teor, Uberaba, MG - Brazil
[3] Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[4] Ecole Normale Super Paris Saclay, Lab Biol & Pharmacol Appl, Cachan - France
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EUROPEAN BIOPHYSICS JOURNAL WITH BIOPHYSICS LETTERS; v. 47, n. 5, p. 583-590, JUL 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

There are two different prion conformations: (1) the cellular natural (PrPC) and (2) the scrapie (PrPSc), an infectious form that tends to aggregate under specific conditions. PrPC and PrPSc are widely different regarding secondary and tertiary structures. PrPSc contains more and longer beta-strands compared to PrPC. The lack of solved PrPSc structures precludes a proper understanding of the mechanisms related to the transition between cellular and scrapie forms, as well as the aggregation process. In order to investigate the conformational transition between PrPC and PrPSc, we applied MDeNM (molecular dynamics with excited normal modes), an enhanced sampling simulation technique that has been recently developed to probe large structural changes. These simulations yielded new structural rearrangements of the cellular prion that would have been difficult to obtain with standard MD simulations. We observed an increase in beta-sheet formation under low pH (4) and upon oligomerization, whose relevance was discussed on the basis of the energy landscape theory for protein folding. The characterization of intermediate structures corresponding to transition states allowed us to propose a conversion model from the cellular to the scrapie prion, which possibly ignites the fibril formation. This model can assist the design of new drugs to prevent neurological disorders related to the prion aggregation mechanism. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/17658-3 - Estudos computacionais em enovelamento de proteínas e aplicações no estudo de enzimas envolvidas na geração de bioetanol
Beneficiário:Vitor Barbanti Pereira Leite
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular