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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

DNA repair pathways and cisplatin resistance: an intimate relationship

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Autor(es):
Reily Rocha, Clarissa Ribeiro [1] ; Silva, Matheus Molina [1] ; Quinet, Annabel [1] ; Cabral-Neto, Januario Bispo [2] ; Martins Menck, Carlos Frederico [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Biomed, Dept Microbiol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Inst Biofis Carlos Chagas Filho, Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: Clinics; v. 73, n. 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 26
Resumo

The main goal of chemotherapeutic drugs is to induce massive cell death in tumors. Cisplatin is an antitumor drug widely used to treat several types of cancer. Despite its remarkable efficiency, most tumors show intrinsic or acquired drug resistance. The primary biological target of cisplatin is genomic DNA, and it causes a plethora of DNA lesions that block transcription and replication. These cisplatin-induced DNA lesions strongly induce cell death if they are not properly repaired or processed. To counteract cisplatin-induced DNA damage, cells use an intricate network of mechanisms, including DNA damage repair and translesion synthesis. In this review, we describe how cisplatin-induced DNA lesions are repaired or tolerated by cells and focus on the pivotal role of DNA repair and tolerance mechanisms in tumor resistance to cisplatin. In fact, several recent clinical findings have correlated the tumor cell status of DNA repair/translesion synthesis with patient response to cisplatin treatment. Furthermore, these mechanisms provide interesting targets for pharmacological modulation that can increase the efficiency of cisplatin chemotherapy. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/15982-6 - Consequências de deficiências de reparo de lesões no genoma
Beneficiário:Carlos Frederico Martins Menck
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático