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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Maltreatment and Emotion Recognition Among Brazilian Adolescents

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Autor(es):
Marta, Guilherme Rodrigues [1] ; Doretto, Victoria Fogaca [2] ; Scivoletto, Sandra [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo Res Fdn FAPESP, Fac Med FMUSR, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Hosp Clin HCFMUSP, Fac Med, Dept Psiquiatria, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Hosp Clin HCFMUSP, Fac Med, Psiquiatria Infancia & Adolescencia, Dept Psiquiat, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHIATRY; v. 9, NOV 26 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The experience of maltreatment can impair child development, including changes in the process of emotions recognition, which may result in impairment of social interactions and behavioral disabilities. In order to measure the association between maltreatment and changes on emotion recognition among Brazilian adolescents, the Emotional Recognition Test on Human Faces (ERTHF) was applied to a sample of 50 adolescents who had suffered different intensities and types of abuse. The social and clinical characteristics of the participants were analyzed and, from ERTHF data, the accuracy and response time for the emotion recognition. Males were 60%, with mean age of 13 years and 3 months; 60% were living in shelters. Emotion recognition changes were associated with intensity and types of maltreatment. Physical neglect (48%) was associated with changes in neutral and negative emotions recognition. Emotional neglect (48%) and emotional abuse (46%) were associated with changes in both positive and negative emotions recognition. Physical abuse (38%) was associated with changes in positive emotion recognition only. False recognition of anger was the most common outcome of maltreatment, being associated with physical neglect (p = 0.015) and emotional neglect (p = 0.047). Our results point out to the need to add emotional and facial recognition's rehabilitation interventions to better attend the specific demands of maltreated children and to increase the chances of social and family reintegration. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/18945-0 - Impacto de maus tratos na infância no reconhecimento de faces e emoções
Beneficiário:Guilherme Rodrigues Marta
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica