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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Mistletoe effects on the host tree Tapirira guianensis: insights from primary and secondary metabolites

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Autor(es):
Anselmo-Moreira, Fernanda [1] ; Teixeira-Costa, Luiza [1] ; Ceccantini, Gregorio [1] ; Furlan, Claudia Maria [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, Dept Bot, Rua Matao 277, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Chemoecology; v. 29, n. 1, p. 11-24, FEB 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Mistletoes are parasitic plants that are capable of penetrating the living tissue of another plant's stems and branches and extracting the necessary resources for their survival. This study aimed to compare the leaves and branches of parasitized and non-parasitized Tapirira guianensis host trees to gain insights of reciprocal effects of Phoradendron perrottetii (mistletoe) infection and profiles of primary metabolites and phenolic compounds of T. guianensis. Our hypothesis was that either the host's chemical profile determines mistletoe infestation, or that the mistletoe infestation leads to fundamental changes in the metabolite profile of the host. Plant material was collected from T. guianensis parasitized by P. perrottetii, yielding samples from infested and non-infested host branches and their respective leaves. Infested branches were divided into two regions, the proximal region and the host-parasite interface (gall) region. Leaves and branches of non-parasitized plants were also collected. Statistical analyses revealed negative effects of the parasite on infested branches regarding most of the analyzed primary metabolites, especially soluble carbohydrates. This suggests a flow of carbohydrates towards the mistletoe, indicating a partially heterotrophic nutrition. Additionally, we observed a positive effect on the tannin contents of non-infested host branches caused by the mistletoe, which might suggest that this parasitic relationship induces a systemic response in T. guianensis. Finally, high contents of flavonoids at the gall region could indicate a mechanism of ROS quenching. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/23322-3 - Perfil da alteração na produção de substâncias fenólicas, carboidratos e lipídeos na interação entre Tapirira guianensis (Anacardiaceae) parasitada por Phoradendron crassifolium (Santalaceae)
Beneficiário:Fernanda Anselmo Moreira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado