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Solanum lycopersicum GOLDEN 2-LIKE 2 transcription factor affects fruit quality in a light- and auxin-dependent manner

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Duarte Lupi, Alessandra Cavalcanti [1] ; Lira, Bruno Silvestre [1] ; Gramegna, Giovanna [1] ; Trench, Bruna [1] ; Rodrigues Alves, Frederico Rocha [1] ; Demarco, Diego [1] ; Pereira Peres, Lazaro Eustaquio [2] ; Purgatto, Eduardo [3] ; Freschi, Luciano [1] ; Rossi, Magdalena [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Bot, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Ciencias Biol, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Alimentos & Nutr Expt, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 14, n. 2 FEB 12 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1

Plastids are organelles responsible for essential aspects of plant development, including carbon fixation and synthesis of several secondary metabolites. Chloroplast differentiation and activity are highly regulated by light, and several proteins involved in these processes have been characterised. Such is the case of the GOLDEN 2-LIKE (GLK) transcription factors, which induces the expression of genes related to chloroplast differentiation and photosynthesis. The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) genome harbours two copies of this gene, SlGLK1 and SlGLK2, each with distinct expression patterns. While the former predominates in leaves, the latter is mainly expressed in fruits, precisely at the pedicel region. During tomato domestication, the selection of fruits with uniform ripening fixed the mutation Slglk2, nowadays present in most cultivated varieties, what penalised fruit metabolic composition. In this study, we investigated how SlGLK2 is regulated by light, auxin and cytokinin and determined the effect of SlGLK2 on tocopherol (vitamin E) and sugar metabolism, which are components of the fruit nutritional and industrial quality. To achieve this, transcriptional profiling and biochemical analysis were performed throughout fruit development and ripening from SlGLK2, Slglk2, SlGLK2-overexpressing genotypes, as well as from phytochrome and hormonal deficient mutants. The results revealed that SlGLK2 expression is regulated by phytochrome-mediated light perception, yet this gene can induce chloroplast differentiation even in a phytochrome-independent manner. Moreover, auxin was found to be a negative regulator of SlGLK2 expression, while SlGLK2 enhances cytokinin responsiveness. Additionally, SlGLK2 enhanced chlorophyll content in immature green fruits, leading to an increment in tocopherol level in ripe fruits. Finally, SlGLK2 overexpression resulted in higher total soluble solid content, possibly by the regulation of sugar metabolism enzyme-encoding genes. The results obtained here shed light on the regulatory network that interconnects SlGLK2, phytohormones and light signal, promoting the plastidial activity and consequently, influencing the quality of tomato fruit. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/01128-9 - Controle luminoso e hormonal da qualidade nutricional em Solanum lycopersicum
Beneficiário:Maria Magdalena Rossi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/10651-1 - Manipulação da senescência foliar e da degradação da clorofila visando o melhoramento da produtividade e da qualidade nutricional
Beneficiário:Maria Magdalena Rossi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular