Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The role of neurocognitive functioning, substance use variables and the DSM-5 severity scale in cocaine relapse: A prospective study

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Mostrar menos -
Lim, Danielle Ruiz [1, 2] ; Goncalves, Priscila Dib [1, 2] ; Ometto, Mariella [1, 2] ; Malbergier, Andre [2] ; Amaral, Ricardo Abrantes [2] ; dos Santos, Bernardo [3] ; Cavallet, Mikael [1] ; Chaim-Avancini, Tiffany [1] ; Serpa, Mauricio Henriques [1] ; Kobuti Ferreira, Luiz Roberto [1] ; de Souza Duran, Fabio Luis [1] ; Zanetti, Marcus Vinicius [1] ; Nicastr, Sergio [1, 2] ; Busatto, Geraldo Filho [1] ; Andrad, Arthur Guerra [2, 4] ; Cunh, Paulo Jannuzzi [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 16
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin HCFMUSP, Lab Neuroimagem Psiquiatria 21, Inst Psiquiatria I, R Dr Ovidio Pires Campos 785, BR-01060970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Inst Psiquiatria IPq, Hosp Clin HCFMUSP, Grp Interdisciplinar Escudos Alcool & Drogas GREA, R Dr Ovidio Pires Campos 785, BR-01060970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin HCFMUSP, Escola Enfermagem, Av Dr Eneas Carvalho Aguiar 419, BR-05403000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Escola Med ABC, Dept Neurociencias, Av Lauro Comes 2000, BR-09060870 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE; v. 197, p. 255-261, APR 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Background: The severity of substance use disorder (SUD) is currently defined by the sum of DSM-5 criteria. However, little is known about the validity of this framework or the role of additional severity indicators in relapse prediction. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between DSM-5 criteria, neurocognitive functioning, substance use variables and cocaine relapse among inpatients with cocaine use disorder (CUD). Methods: 128 adults aged between 18 and 45 years were evaluated; 68 (59 males, 9 females) had CUD and 60 (52 males, 8 females) were healthy controls. For the group with CUD, the use of other substances was not an exclusion criterion. Participants were tested using a battery of neurocognitive tests. Cocaine relapse was evaluated 3 months after discharge. Results: Scores for attention span and working memory were worse in patients compared to controls. Earlier onset and duration of cocaine use were related to poorer inhibitory control and global executive functioning, respectively; recent use was related to worse performance in inhibitory control, attention span and working memory. More DSM-5 criteria at baseline were significantly associated with relapse. Conclusions: Recent cocaine use was the most predictive variable for neurocognitive impairments, while DSM-5 criteria predicted cocaine relapse at three months post treatment. The integration of neurocognitive measures, DSM-5 criteria and cocaine use variables in CUD diagnosis could improve severity differentiation. Longitudinal studies using additional biomarkers are needed to disentangle the different roles of severity indicators in relapse prediction and to achieve more individualized and effective treatment strategies for these patients. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/15604-0 - Integridade de substância branca em corpo caloso e desempenho neuropsicológico em crianças e adolescentes vítimas de violência e maus tratos: estudo morfométrico cerebral e de imagem por tensores de difusão
Beneficiário:Paulo Jannuzzi Cunha
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/01272-6 - Pesquisa sobre o impacto da reabilitação neuropsicológica em dependentes de cocaína/crack
Beneficiário:Priscila Dib Goncalves
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 10/15786-1 - Integridade de substância branca em corpo caloso e desempenho neuropsicológico em crianças e adolescentes vítimas de violência e maus tratos: estudo morfométrico cerebral e de imagem por tensores de difusão
Beneficiário:Geraldo Busatto Filho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular