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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A review on lipid production from microalgae: Association between cultivation using waste streams and fatty acid profiles

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ferreira, G. F. [1] ; Rios Pinto, L. F. [1] ; Maciel Filho, R. [1] ; Fregolente, L. V. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Chem Engn, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS; v. 109, p. 448-466, JUL 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Microalgae are potential sources of high-value lipids, with essential fatty acids that provide health benefits, as the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. However, its cultivation and downstream processing is still not commercially viable for some applications due to high-water consumption and high costs mainly regarding energy demands and nutrients as nitrogen. Therefore, using waste streams in existing industries as carbon and nutrient sources, as well as evaluating the best methodologies for growth and lipid extraction are essential to viabilize this process. This review focused on the study of scenario the of using different microalgae species, integrating their cultivation into biorefineries using their wastewater and carbon dioxide combating water and air pollution, aiming lipid productivity and fatty acid profile with specific composition. It was found that culture medium conditions and cultivation systems are key elements in understanding the lipid production and can decisively affect the process performance. For example, closed photobioreactors with CO2 supply and light can provide higher photosynthetic efficiency and lipid accumulation, coupled with polyunsaturated fatty acid production. Wastewater use can reduce productivity and affect lipid composition, but CO2 injection can promote both higher biomass and lipid productivities; being Chlorella a potential candidate for implementation in industrial facilities once it showed high PUFA (around 1/3) and lipid content, up to 27%, grown in wastewater. Moreover, it is crucial to seek biomass fractioning to obtain different high-value products that will compensate for high capital and operating costs. Further evaluation of possible effects in the final product quality is required. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/20630-4 - Desenvolvimento integrado de biorrefinaria e planta de bioetanol de cana-de-açúcar com emissão zero de CO2: rotas para converter recursos renováveis em bioprodutos e bioeletricidade
Beneficiário:Rubens Maciel Filho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/10064-9 - Produção de biodiesel a partir de microalgas via transesterificação in situ em condições supercritas
Beneficiário:Luisa Fernanda Rios Pinto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado