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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The metagenomic landscape of xenobiotics biodegradation in mangrove sediments

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Autor(es):
Cabral, Lucelia [1, 2] ; Noronha, Melline Fontes [1, 2] ; Pereira de Sousa, Sanderson Tarciso [1, 2] ; Lacerda-Junior, Gileno Vieira [1, 2] ; Richter, Larissa [3] ; Fostier, Anne Helene [3] ; Andreote, Fernando Dini [4] ; Hess, Matthias [5] ; de Oliveira, Valeria Maia [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Ctr Chem Biol & Agr CPQBA, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, IB, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Inst Chem, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Soil Sci, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Calif Davis, Dept Anim Sci, Davis, CA 95616 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY; v. 179, p. 232-240, SEP 15 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Metagenomics is a powerful approach to study microorganisms present in any given environment and their potential to maintain and improve ecosystem health without the need of cultivating these microorganisms in the laboratory. In this study, we combined a cultivation-independent metagenomics approach with functional assays to identify the detoxification potential of microbial genes evaluating their potential to contribute to xenobiotics resistance in oil-impacted mangrove sediments. A metagenomic fosmid library containing 12,960 clones from highly contaminated mangrove sediment was used in this study. For assessment of metal resistance, clones were grown in culture medium with increasing concentrations of mercury. The analyses metagenomic library sequences revealed the presence of genes related to heavy metals and antibiotics resistance in the oil-impacted mangrove microbiome. The taxonomic profiling of these sequences suggests that at the genus level, Geobacter was the most abundant genus in our dataset. A functional screening assessment of the metagenomic library successfully detected 24 potential heavy metal tolerant clones, six of which were capable of growing with increased concentrations of mercury. The genetic characterization of selected clones allowed the detection of genes related to detoxification processes, such as chromate transport protein ChrA, haloacid dehalogenase-like hydrolase, lipopolysaccharide transport system, and 3-oxoacyl-{[}acyl-carrier-protein] reductase. Clones were capable of growing in medium containing increased concentrations of metals and antibiotics, but none manifested strong mercury removal from culture medium characteristic of mercuric reductase activity. These results suggest that resistance to xenobiotic stress varies greatly and that additional studies to elucidate the potential of metal biotransformation need to be carried out with the goal of improving bioremediation application. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/20670-0 - Análise da diversidade funcional e bioprospecção de genes de degradação de hidrocarbonetos e de transformação de metais pesados em sedimentos de manguezal
Beneficiário:Lucélia Cabral
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/16850-0 - Análise da diversidade funcional e bioprospecção de genes de degradação de hidrocarbonetos e de transformação de metais pesados em sedimentos de manguezal
Beneficiário:Lucélia Cabral
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/06245-2 - Metatranscriptômica e contexto genômico de genes microbianos relacionados aos ciclos biogeoquímicos em manguezais
Beneficiário:Fernando Dini Andreote
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/50809-5 - Prospecção de metagenoma microbiano de sedimentos de manguezais na busca por novos compostos bioativos
Beneficiário:Valeria Maia Merzel
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular