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Influence of Cartoon Characters on Children's Food Preference Via Transfer of Functions

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Autor(es):
dos Santos, Silvana Lopes [1] ; de Rose, Julio C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Psicol, Rodovia Washington Luis, Km 235, Caixa Postal 676, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD; v. 69, n. 2, p. 153-163, JUN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Results of previous studies that modeled the influence of transfer of functions over preference for brands showed that adults and children choose more frequently a container labeled with symbols equivalent to stimuli with positive valence when containers had the same food or drink in them. The present study was conducted to verify whether such preferences involved transfer both of positive and negative valences. Fourteen children formed three equivalence classes containing a liked cartoon character, a neutral picture, and a disliked character, respectively. The other class members were geometrical forms and arbitrary stimuli. Three preference tests followed class formation: children chose between two pieces of the same snack, differing by the label on the containerC1 (equivalent to the liked character), C2 (equivalent to the neutral picture), and C3 (equivalent to the disliked character). Choices in Tests 1, 2, and 3 were between, respectively, C1 and C3; C2 and C3; and C1 and C2. In Test 1, all children preferred the snack labeled with C1, and most children also preferred, in Test 3, the snack labeled with C1 over the one labeled with C2. It is surprising that in Test 2 there was more preference for the snack labeled with C3, equivalent to the disliked character. Results confirmed the preference for the brand equivalent to the liked character, but suggested that children may prefer brands equivalent to a cartoon character over neutral ones, even when the character is disliked. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/50909-8 - INCT 2014: Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino (INCT-ECCE): aprendizagem relacional e funcionamento simbólico
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático