Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evaluation of antileishmanial drugs activities in an ex vivo model of leishmaniasis

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Salazar Terreros, Myriam Janeth [1] ; Visani de Luna, Luis Augusto [1, 2] ; Giorgio, Selma [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Anim Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Chem, Lab Solid State Chem, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Parasitology International; v. 71, p. 163-166, AUG 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Leishmaniasis is a poverty-related disease, the chemotherapy of which is based on few drugs. The in vitro macrophage-amastigote model using mouse peritoneal cells, human-monocyte transformed macrophages and immortalized cell lines have been used to test new and safe antileishmanial drugs. Considering the differences for drug sensitivities between these Leishmania infected cells, the efficacy of amphotericin B, pentavalent antimonial, miltefosine and resveratrol was evaluated in a recently developed ex vivo culture of macrophages isolated from mouse lesion induced by L. amazonensis (CD11b(+)F4/80(+)CD68(+)CD14(+)) compared with infected peritoneal macrophages (CD11b(+)F4/80(+)CD68(+)CD14(+)). The results show that IC50 values of amphotericin B, miltefosine and pentavalent antimonial for parasites in lesional and peritoneal macrophages were similar, although high doses of these compounds did not result in total clearance of parasites in lesional cells (amphotericin B), peritoneal cells (miltefosine) and both cell cultures (pentavalent antimonial). Amastigotes infecting lesional macrophages were more resistant to resveratrol as compared to parasites in peritoneal macrophages. The cytoxicity of miltefosine and resveratrol was higher in infected peritoneal macrophages than in lesional cells. These data suggest that the antileishmanial effect and citotoxicity of some anti leishmanial compounds are dependent of macrophage source and mouse peritoneal macrophages loaded with amastigotes do not represent the lesion cell. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/23302-6 - Leishmanioses de importância médica no Brasil: estudo de sistemas celulares e isolados clínicos de Leishmania infantum e l. braziliensis e avaliação de candidatos vacinais contra l. infantum
Beneficiário:Selma Giorgio
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular