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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The key role of protection status in safeguarding the ecological functions of some Neotropical mammals

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Autor(es):
Nagy-Reis, Mariana B. [1, 2] ; Ribeiro, Milton Cezar [3] ; Setz, Eleonore Z. F. [2] ; Chiarello, Adriano G. [4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Alberta, Dept Biol Sci, 116 St & 85 Ave, Edmonton, AB T6G 2R3 - Canada
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Bertrand Russel 1505, Mailbox 6109, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Ecol, Spatial Ecol & Conservat Lab LEEC, Rio Claro - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biol, Av Bandeirante 3900, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION; v. 28, n. 10, p. 2599-2613, AUG 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Protected areas can mediate negative effects of habitat loss and human-related pressures on key ecological groups. However, different protected area categories can vary substantially in their degree of enforcement, which may ensure different levels of effectiveness for biodiversity protection. Because little attempt has been made to quantify this, we investigated the protection effectiveness of different levels of protection (low, intermediate, and high) in maintaining the ecological functions of mammalian species. We assessed this on a selection of five species with varying ecological functions: nine-banded armadillo (insectivore), paca (seed disperser), tayra (omnivore), ocelot (carnivore), and collared peccary (seed predator). Their occupancy probability and the integrity of their ecological functions were estimated and spatialized across landscapes at all protection levels (low, intermediate, and high). In addition, we estimated how many of these species were maintained in each protection status using a minimum of 35% occupancy threshold for each. Our results indicated that higher protection statuses can hold more ecological functions of these mammalian species than areas with lower protection levels. Ocelot and paca heavily relied on areas with higher protection, which can impact the overall ecosystem functioning and ecological services of less protected areas, since these are species performing unique roles in our landscape (mixed-sized prey carnivory and large-sized seed dispersal, respectively). Our study suggests that the degrees of protection can influence the area effectiveness in maintaining certain mammalian species and their ecological functions and ecosystem services. Therefore, management strategies and degree of enforcement should be carefully planned when assigning areas for conservation to ensure the conservation of more sensitive species and preserve more ecological functions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07162-6 - Estimativa da ocupação da paisagem por mamíferos terrestres de médio e grande porte em uma área contínua de Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Eleonore Zulnara Freire Setz
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/50421-2 - Novos métodos de amostragem e ferramentas estatísticas para pesquisa em biodiversidade: integrando ecologia de movimento com ecologia de população e comunidade
Beneficiário:Milton Cezar Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular