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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Red propolis as an additive for preweaned dairy calves: Effect on growth performance, health, and selected blood parameters

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Slanzon, G. S. [1, 2] ; Toledo, A. F. [1, 2] ; Silva, A. P. [1, 2] ; Coelho, M. G. [1, 2] ; da Silva, M. D. [1, 2] ; Cezar, A. M. [1, 2] ; Bittar, C. M. M. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz De Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Anim Sci, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] ESALQ, Av Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE; v. 102, n. 10, p. 8952-8962, OCT 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Propolis is a natural product produced by bees and sold commercially. It is well known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and the ability to improve immune system functions in humans and animals. Many of its positive effects can contribute positively to animal productivity. The aim of this study was to evaluate possible beneficial effects of red propolis supplementation on growth performance, metabolism, and health status of dairy calves during the preweaning phase. Thirty-two newborn calves were individually housed, with free access to water and concentrate, and fed 6 L/d of whole milk. Animals were distributed in 2 treatments: (1) control and (2) supplementation with 4 mL/d of red propolis ethanolic extract (30%; EEP) in whole milk. Feed consumption and fecal and health scores were monitored daily from 1 d of age to 56 d. Calves were weighed and measured weekly. Blood samples were collected weekly, 2 h after morning milk feeding, for determination of glucose, total serum protein, urea, lactate, beta-hydroxybutyrate, total iron binding capacity, and total leukocytes (white blood cells) and erythrocytes (red blood cells). Starter feed intake, daily weight gain, and body measurements were not affected by the EEP supplementation. Blood parameters were also not affected, with the exception for the red blood cell counts, which were lower in animals supplemented with EEP. Supplementation with EEP significantly decreased fecal score, days with diarrhea, and veterinary treatments of diarrhea. These results indicate that red propolis supplementation has potential to improve calf health and reduce the incidence of diarrhea and, as a consequence, the use of antibiotics in calf rearing systems. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/13601-3 - Efeito de diferentes manejos alimentares no microbioma, metabolismo, saúde e desempenho de bezerros leiteiros
Beneficiário:Carla Maris Machado Bittar
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular