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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Diagnosis and epidemiology of Leishmania infantum in domestic cats in an endemic area of the Amazon region, Brazil

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Autor(es):
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Verde Oliveira Rocha, Ana Vitoria [1] ; Sodre Moreno, Brenda Fernanda [1] ; Cabral, Aline Diniz [2] ; Louzeiro, Nayara Mendes [1] ; Miranda, Leandro Macedo [1] ; Brandao dos Santos, Vivian Magalhaes [3] ; Costa, Francisco Borges [1] ; Seabra Nogueira, Rita de Maria [1] ; Marcili, Arlei [4, 5] ; Speranca, Marcia Aparecida [2] ; da Costa, Andrea Pereira [1]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Maranhao, Sao Luis, Maranhao - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ ABC, Ctr Nat & Human Sci, Sao Bernardo Do Campo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Ceara, Biotechnol & Mol Biol Lab, Itaperi Campus, Fortaleza, Ceara - Brazil
[4] Univ Santo Amaro, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Vet Med, Dept Prevent Vet Med & Anim Hlth, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Veterinary Parasitology; v. 273, p. 80-85, SEP 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Visceral leishmaniasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Leishmania infantum for which dogs are the main reservoir. In South America, presence of this disease is expanding along with increasing dispersion of its principal vector, the sand-fly Lutzomyia longipalpis. Feline leishmaniasis is an emerging disease in domestic cats, but epidemiological studies in endemic areas of the Amazon region of Brazil are scarce and the role of cats as reservoirs of L. infantum has been debated. The aim of this study was to investigate L. infantum infection in cats living in the Amazon biome region, using serological and molecular methods. A total of 105 cats were subjected to clinical examination and blood samples were taken for immunofluorescent-antibody (1FAT) serological evaluation, to determine anti-Leishmania antibody titers. Conventional PCR and Sanger's sequencing targeting L. infantum chitinase and Leishmania species ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS-1) encoding genes were performed on conjunctival swabs from these cats. Seropositivity was detected in 32 animals (30.48%), thus confirming that contact between these cats and the parasite was occurring. PCR followed by amplicon sequencing showed that three samples (2.86%) were positive for a chitinase gene and six (5.71%) were positive for the ITS-1 gene. Parasite-positive diagnoses presented a statistically significant association with free access to the streets (p = 0.0111), cohabitation with dogs affected previously by VL (p = 0.0006) and absence of backyard cleaning and garbage collection (p = 0.00003). These results emphasize that cats should be included in epidemiological surveys of leishmaniasis, especially in endemic areas, if not as the reservoir host (unproven), at least as a ``sentinel host{''} that is useful for revealing situations of endemic circulation of L. infantum. Moreover, in these areas, feline leishmaniasis needs to be considered in the differential diagnosis among domestic cats presenting alopecia, rarefied hair, lacerations and ulcerative dermatitis. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/26096-4 - Expressão heteróloga da enzima quitinase de Leishmania (L.) infantum chagasi, Leishmania (V.) braziliensis e Leishmania amazonensis: diagnóstico sorológico e estudo molecular comparativo utilizando sistemas de expressão em células de insetos e bactéria
Beneficiário:Aline Diniz Cabral
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/00147-6 - Uso de swab conjuntival para detecção da leishmaniose canina por PCR
Beneficiário:Trícia Maria Ferreira de Sousa Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/14514-4 - Caracterização da quitinase das Espécies de Leishmania endêmicas da América do Sul: utilização no diagnóstico em humanos, cães e flebotomíneos
Beneficiário:Marcia Aparecida Speranca
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/50886-7 - Isolamento e caracterização morfológica, biológica e molecular e filogeografia multigênica de espécies causadoras de Leishmaniose visceral
Beneficiário:Arlei Marcili
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores