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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Visual encounters on line transect surveys under-detect carnivore species: Implications for assessing distribution and conservation status

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Autor(es):
Fragoso, Jose M. V. [1, 2, 3, 4] ; Goncalves, Fernando [1, 5, 6] ; Oliveira, Luiz F. B. [7] ; Overman, Han [8] ; Levi, Taal [9] ; Silvius, Kirsten M. [10]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA 94305 - USA
[2] Univ Brasilia, Inst Ciencias Biol, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[3] Calif Acad Sci, Inst Biodivers Sci & Sustainabil, San Francisco, CA 94118 - USA
[4] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Amazonia INPA MCTIC, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ecol, Inst Biociencias, Lab Biol Conservacao LaBiC, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, Conservat Sci Grp, Cambridge - England
[7] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Museu Nacl, Dept Vertebrados, Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[8] SUNY Coll Environm Sci & Forestry, Environm & Forest Biol, Syracuse, NY 13210 - USA
[9] Oregon State Univ, Dept Fisheries & Wildlife, Corvallis, OR 97331 - USA
[10] Virginia Tech, Dept Forest Resources & Environm Conservat, Blacksburg, VA - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 10
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 14, n. 10 OCT 30 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

We compared the distribution and occurrence of 15 carnivore species with data collected monthly over three years by trained native trackers using both sign surveys and an encounter-based, visual-distance method in a well-preserved region of southern Guyana (Amazon / Guiana Shield). We found that a rigorously applied sign-based method was sufficient to describe the status of most carnivore species populations, including rare species such as jaguar and bush dog. We also found that even when accumulation curves for direct visual encounter data reached an asymptote, customarily an indication that sufficient sampling has occurred to describe populations, animal occurrence and distribution were grossly underestimated relative to the results of sign data. While other researchers have also found that sign are better than encounters or camera traps for large felids, our results are important in documenting the failure of even intensive levels of effort to raise encounter rates sufficiently to enable statistical analysis, and in describing the relationship between encounter and sign data for an entire community of carnivores including felids, canids, procyonids, and mustelids. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/24252-0 - Preditores antropogênicos de biodiversidade em resposta à fragmentação na Mata Atlântica.
Beneficiário:Fernando Henrique Martin Gonçalves
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 19/00648-7 - Mudanças provocadas pelo processo de extinção em comunidades de mamíferos na Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Fernando Henrique Martin Gonçalves
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado