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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Impacts of Public and Private Sector Policies on Soybean and Pasture Expansion in Mato Grosso-Brazil from 2001 to 2017

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Autor(es):
Picoli, Michelle C. A. [1] ; Rorato, Ana [1] ; Leitao, Pedro [2, 3] ; Camara, Gilberto [1, 4] ; Maciel, Adeline [1] ; Hostert, Patrick [3, 5] ; Sanches, Ieda Del'Arco [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Inst Space Res INPE, BR-12227010 Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[2] Techn Univ Braunschweig, Dept Landscape Ecol & Environm Syst Anal, D-38106 Braunschweig - Germany
[3] Humboldt Univ, Geog Dept, D-12489 Berlin - Germany
[4] GEO, CH-1211 Geneva - Switzerland
[5] Humboldt Univ, Integrat Res Inst Transformat Human Environm Syst, D-10117 Berlin - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: LAND; v. 9, n. 1 JAN 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Demand for agricultural exports in Brazil has stimulated the expansion of crop production and cattle raising, which has caused environmental impacts. In response, Brazil developed public policies such as the new Forest Code (FC) and supply chain arrangements such the Soy and the Cattle Moratoriums. This paper analyzes the effectiveness of these policies, considering the trajectories of agricultural expansion in the state of Mato Grosso in three years: 2005 (pre-moratorium and before the new FC), 2010 (post-moratorium and before the new FC) and 2017 (post-moratorium and post-new FC). Our analysis uses a detailed land use change data for both the Amazon and Cerrado biomes in Mato Grosso. In all the years considered, soybean expansion occurred in consolidated production areas and by conversion of pastures. Pasture expansion is influenced by existence of pastures nearby, by areas of secondary vegetation and deforestation. Our data and models show the effectiveness of public policies and private arrangements to reduce direct conversion from forests to crop production. However, our results also provide evidence that soybean expansion has caused indirect impacts by replacing pasture areas and causing pasture expansion elsewhere. Evidence from our work indicates that Brazil needs broader-ranging land use policies than what was done in the 2010s to be able to reach the land use goals stated in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/23750-3 - Uso de séries temporais de imagens de sensoriamento remoto para monitoramento da Agricultura brasileira
Beneficiário:Michelle Cristina Araujo Picoli
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/08398-6 - E-Sensing: análise de grandes volumes de dados de observação da terra para informação de mudanças de uso e cobertura da terra
Beneficiário:Gilberto Camara Neto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa eScience e Data Science - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 17/19812-6 - Produtividade e o crescimento agrícola no Brasil: impactos ambientais diretos e indiretos
Beneficiário:Michelle Cristina Araujo Picoli
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado