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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Impacts of Public and Private Sector Policies on Soybean and Pasture Expansion in Mato Grosso-Brazil from 2001 to 2017

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Picoli, Michelle C. A. [1] ; Rorato, Ana [1] ; Leitao, Pedro [2, 3] ; Camara, Gilberto [1, 4] ; Maciel, Adeline [1] ; Hostert, Patrick [3, 5] ; Sanches, Ieda Del'Arco [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Natl Inst Space Res INPE, BR-12227010 Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[2] Techn Univ Braunschweig, Dept Landscape Ecol & Environm Syst Anal, D-38106 Braunschweig - Germany
[3] Humboldt Univ, Geog Dept, D-12489 Berlin - Germany
[4] GEO, CH-1211 Geneva - Switzerland
[5] Humboldt Univ, Integrat Res Inst Transformat Human Environm Syst, D-10117 Berlin - Germany
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: LAND; v. 9, n. 1 JAN 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Demand for agricultural exports in Brazil has stimulated the expansion of crop production and cattle raising, which has caused environmental impacts. In response, Brazil developed public policies such as the new Forest Code (FC) and supply chain arrangements such the Soy and the Cattle Moratoriums. This paper analyzes the effectiveness of these policies, considering the trajectories of agricultural expansion in the state of Mato Grosso in three years: 2005 (pre-moratorium and before the new FC), 2010 (post-moratorium and before the new FC) and 2017 (post-moratorium and post-new FC). Our analysis uses a detailed land use change data for both the Amazon and Cerrado biomes in Mato Grosso. In all the years considered, soybean expansion occurred in consolidated production areas and by conversion of pastures. Pasture expansion is influenced by existence of pastures nearby, by areas of secondary vegetation and deforestation. Our data and models show the effectiveness of public policies and private arrangements to reduce direct conversion from forests to crop production. However, our results also provide evidence that soybean expansion has caused indirect impacts by replacing pasture areas and causing pasture expansion elsewhere. Evidence from our work indicates that Brazil needs broader-ranging land use policies than what was done in the 2010s to be able to reach the land use goals stated in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/23750-3 - Use of remote sensing images time series for monitoring Brazilian Agriculture
Grantee:Michelle Cristina Araujo Picoli
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/08398-6 - E-Sensing: big earth observation data analytics for land use and land cover change information
Grantee:Gilberto Camara Neto
Support type: Research Grants - eScience and Data Science Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/19812-6 - Agricultural productivity and growth in Brazil: direct and indirect environmental impacts
Grantee:Michelle Cristina Araujo Picoli
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor