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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Cannabidiol-induced panicolytic-like effects and fear-induced antinociception impairment: the role of the CB1 receptor in the ventromedial hypothalamus

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Autor(es):
Khan, Asmat Ullah [1, 2, 3] ; Falconi-Sobrinho, Luiz Luciano [2, 3, 4] ; dos Anjos-Garcia, Tayllon [2, 3] ; Santos, Maria de Fatima dos [2] ; Crippa, Jose Alexandre de Souza [5] ; Menescal-de-Oliveira, Leda [3, 6] ; Coimbra, Norberto Cysne [2, 3, 4]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Poonch Rawalakot, Sch Med & Hlth Sci, Dept Eastern Med & Surg, Hajira Rd, Rawalakot 12350, Azad Jammu & Ka - Pakistan
[2] Univ Sao Paulo FMRP USP, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Pharmacol, Lab Neuroanat & Neuropsychobiol, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo FMRP USP, Ribeirao Preto Sch Med, Neurobiol Emot NAP USP NuPNE Res Ctr, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Behav Neurosci Inst INeC, Ave Cafe 2450, BR-4220030 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo FMRP USP, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Div Psychiat, Dept Neurosci & Behav Sci, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Physiol, Neurophysiol Lab, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Psychopharmacology; v. 237, n. 4, p. 1063-1079, APR 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Rationale The behavioural effects elicited by chemical constituents of Cannabis sativa, such as cannabidiol (CBD), on the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) are not well understood. There is evidence that VMH neurons play a relevant role in the modulation of unconditioned fear-related defensive behavioural reactions displayed by laboratory animals. Objectives This study was designed to explore the specific pattern of distribution of the CB1 receptors in the VMH and to investigate the role played by this cannabinoid receptor in the effect of CBD on the control of defensive behaviours and unconditioned fear-induced antinociception. Methods A panic attack-like state was triggered in Wistar rats by intra-VMH microinjections of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA). One of three different doses of CBD was microinjected into the VMH prior to local administration of NMDA. In addition, the most effective dose of CBD was used after pre-treatment with the CB1 receptor selective antagonist AM251, followed by NMDA microinjections in the VMH. Results The morphological procedures demonstrated distribution of labelled CB1 receptors on neuronal perikarya situated in dorsomedial, central and ventrolateral divisions of the VMH. The neuropharmacological approaches showed that both panic attack-like behaviours and unconditioned fear-induced antinociception decreased after intra-hypothalamic microinjections of CBD at the highest dose (100 nmol). These effects, however, were blocked by the administration of the CB1 receptor antagonist AM251 (100 pmol) in the VMH. Conclusion These findings suggest that CBD causes panicolytic-like effects and reduces unconditioned fear-induced antinociception when administered in the VMH, and these effects are mediated by the CB1 receptor-endocannabinoid signalling mechanism in VMH. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/11855-8 - Estudo da influência de endocanabinoides do corpo estriado e do mesencéfalo ventral na atividade das projeções GABAérgicas neoestriado-nigro-tectais durante as reações de pânico de roedores ameaçados por serpentes peçonhentas
Beneficiário:Norberto Cysne Coimbra
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular