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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Gradual and rapid shifts in the composition of assemblages of hydroids (Cnidaria) along depth and latitude in the deep Atlantic Ocean

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Autor(es):
Fernandez, Marina O. [1] ; Collins, Allen G. [2] ; Marques, Antonio C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] NOAA, Natl Systemat Lab, Natl Marine Fisheries Serv, Smithsonian Natl Museum Nat Hist, Washington, DC - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Biogeography; v. 47, n. 7 APR 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Aim Despite growing knowledge on deep-sea benthic fauna, patterns of changes in species composition combining both bathymetric and latitudinal variation are still poorly known. In the first synthesis on the beta diversity patterns of assemblages of hydroids across an entire ocean basin, our aim was to infer limits and gradients of species distribution along depth and latitude. Location Atlantic Ocean and adjacent polar seas. Taxon Hydrozoa. Methods Hydroids from 50 to 5,330 m deep were studied primarily based on museum collections. Identifications were made by the authors, improving uniformity within the dataset by avoiding variations in taxonomic interpretation. Data totalled 3,699 records belonging to 432 species, at 1,444 unique sites. Records were assigned to three depth strata (50-200, 201-1,000 and 1,001-5,330 m) and eight latitudinal bands of 20 degrees each, totalling 24 sample areas. We conducted non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) ordination, clustering and PERMANOVA analyses of species compositions and abundances per area to examine differences and relationships in hydroid assemblages among areas. Results Assemblages primarily differentiate between those to the north and south of 40 degrees S, regardless of depth, with southern ones separated between Patagonian and Antarctic. Northwards of 40 degrees S, assemblages differentiate gradually along both depth and latitude, although a faunal turnover occurs at 1,000 m deep. Also, assemblages at 1,001-5,330 m deep tend to be more similar to each other than assemblages at shallower strata, suggesting significant connectivity over great distances in the deep sea. We note the problem of largely unequal hydroid sampling in the Atlantic Ocean across depths and latitudes, especially in the southern hemisphere and below 1,000 m deep. Main Conclusions Assemblages of hydroids differentiate gradually along latitude and depth, with more rapid shifts in species composition occurring at 40 degrees S, 60 degrees S and at 1,000 m deep. Greater similarity was found among deeper water assemblages. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/16948-9 - Padrões de distribuição de hidroides (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) em águas profundas do Atlântico e marés polares adjacentes
Beneficiário:Marina de Oliveira Fernandez
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/04257-0 - Macroecologia de mar profundo: integrando taxonomia, filogenia e função em inferências de padrões de distribuição de hidroides (Cnidaria) do Atlântico
Beneficiário:Marina de Oliveira Fernandez
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/50242-5 - Dimensões da vida marinha: padrões e processos de diversificação em cnidários planctônicos e bentônicos
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos Marques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/10821-1 - Padrões de distribuição de hidrozoários (Cnidaria) em águas profundas do Oceano Atlântico e marés polares adjacentes
Beneficiário:Marina de Oliveira Fernandez
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado