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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Seasonality drives body size variation in a widely distributed Neotropical treefrog

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Autor(es):
Pupin, N. C. [1, 2] ; Brusquetti, F. [3] ; Haddad, C. F. B. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Biodiversidade, Campus Rio Claro, Caixa Postal 199, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Ctr Aquicultura CAUNESP, Campus Rio Claro, Caixa Postal 199, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Invest Biol Paraguay IIBP, Asuncion - Paraguay
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY; v. 312, n. 2 MAY 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

It is well known that body size variation can be related to genetic and environmental factors and that this variation may occur among species, and among and within populations. Scinax fuscomarginatus is a widely distributed Neotropical anuran that occurs in open areas of several South American ecoregions, exposed to different climatic conditions and showing high levels of body size variation. We tested if this variation in body size is related to phylogeny or to any climatic condition to which populations are subjected. We measured the snout-vent length (SVL) of 285 individuals of S. fuscomarginatus from 37 populations, covering virtually all the known geographic distribution of the species. We constructed a phylogenetic tree under Bayesian inference based on mtDNA sequences to test for the existence of phylogenetic signal in body size variation and performed a multiple linear regression to examine the relationship between body size and environmental variables. Although S. fuscomarginatus shows a deep genetic structure, body size variation was randomly distributed across the phylogeny, indicating no phylogenetic signal. On the other hand, we found evidence that support some influence of climatic conditions in body size variation, being the precipitation seasonality and the temperature seasonality the most important variables. Our results are in accordance with the water conservation hypothesis, which predicts an increase in body size towards drier regions assuming that lower surface-to-volume ratio of larger bodies minimizes water loss by evaporation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/50342-8 - Anfíbios do mosaico de áreas protegidas do Lagamar: diversidade, conservação e perspectivas
Beneficiário:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Parceria para Inovação Tecnológica - PITE
Processo FAPESP: 13/50741-7 - Diversidade e conservação dos anfíbios brasileiros
Beneficiário:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático