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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Seasonality drives body size variation in a widely distributed Neotropical treefrog

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Author(s):
Pupin, N. C. [1, 2] ; Brusquetti, F. [3] ; Haddad, C. F. B. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Biodiversidade, Campus Rio Claro, Caixa Postal 199, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Ctr Aquicultura CAUNESP, Campus Rio Claro, Caixa Postal 199, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Invest Biol Paraguay IIBP, Asuncion - Paraguay
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY; v. 312, n. 2 MAY 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

It is well known that body size variation can be related to genetic and environmental factors and that this variation may occur among species, and among and within populations. Scinax fuscomarginatus is a widely distributed Neotropical anuran that occurs in open areas of several South American ecoregions, exposed to different climatic conditions and showing high levels of body size variation. We tested if this variation in body size is related to phylogeny or to any climatic condition to which populations are subjected. We measured the snout-vent length (SVL) of 285 individuals of S. fuscomarginatus from 37 populations, covering virtually all the known geographic distribution of the species. We constructed a phylogenetic tree under Bayesian inference based on mtDNA sequences to test for the existence of phylogenetic signal in body size variation and performed a multiple linear regression to examine the relationship between body size and environmental variables. Although S. fuscomarginatus shows a deep genetic structure, body size variation was randomly distributed across the phylogeny, indicating no phylogenetic signal. On the other hand, we found evidence that support some influence of climatic conditions in body size variation, being the precipitation seasonality and the temperature seasonality the most important variables. Our results are in accordance with the water conservation hypothesis, which predicts an increase in body size towards drier regions assuming that lower surface-to-volume ratio of larger bodies minimizes water loss by evaporation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50342-8 - Amphibians of Lagamar Mosaic protected areas: diversity, conservation and perspectives
Grantee:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Support type: Research Grants - Research Partnership for Technological Innovation - PITE
FAPESP's process: 13/50741-7 - Diversity and conservation of Brazilian amphibians
Grantee:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants