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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Rapid Automatized Naming and Explicit Phonological Processing in Children With Developmental Dyslexia: A Study With Portuguese-Speaking Children in Brazil

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Autor(es):
da Silva, Patricia Botelho [1, 2] ; Engel de Abreu, Pascale M. J. [1] ; Laurence, Paulo Guirro [2, 3] ; Nico, Maria angela Nogueira [2, 4] ; Simi, Luiz Gustavo Varejao [4] ; Tomas, Rute C. [1] ; Macedo, Elizeu Coutinho [2, 3]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Luxembourg, Inst Res Multilingualism, Belval - Luxembourg
[2] Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie, Social & Cognit Neurosci Lab, Dev Disorders Program, Ctr Hlth & Biol Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Simi, Luiz Gustavo Varejao, Brazilian Dyslexia Assoc ABD, Sao Paulo, Brazil.da Silva, Patricia Botelho, Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie, Social & Cognit Neurosci Lab, Dev Disorders Program, Ctr Hlth & Biol Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Brazilian Dyslexia Assoc ABD, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY; v. 11, MAY 27 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Many studies have shown that children with reading difficulties present deficits in rapid automatized naming (RAN) and phonological awareness skills. The aim of this study was to examine RAN and explicit phonological processing in Brazilian Portuguese-speaking children with developmental dyslexia and to explore the ability of RAN to discriminate between children with and without dyslexia. Participants were 30 children with a clinical diagnosis of dyslexia established by the Brazilian Dyslexia Association and 30 children with typical development. Children were aged between 7 and 12, and groups were matched for chronological age and sex. They completed a battery of tests that are commonly used in Brazil for diagnosing dyslexia, consisting of the Wechsler Intelligence Test for Children (WISC-IV) as well as tests of single word and non-word reading, RAN, and the profile of phonological abilities test. Results indicate that the cognitive profile of this group of children, with a clinical diagnosis of dyslexia, showed preserved skills in the four subscales of the WISC-IV (verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, working memory, and processing speed) and on the profile of phonological abilities test. Groups significantly differed on the reading tests (word and non-word) and RAN measures, with medium to large effect sizes for RAN. Classification and regression tree analysis revealed that RAN was a good predictor for dyslexia diagnosis, with an overall classification accuracy rate of 88.33%. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/22506-9 - Nomeação automática rápida e consciência fonológica: efeito preditivo para aprendizado de leitura e relação com a dislexia do desenvolvimento
Beneficiário:Patrícia Botelho da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/09654-7 - Stereotype boost: correlatos neurais e medidas oculares no processamento da propulsão de estereótipo social
Beneficiário:Paulo Guirro Laurence
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado