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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Genome-wide scan highlights the role of candidate genes on phenotypic plasticity for age at first calving in Nellore heifers

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Autor(es):
Mota, Lucio F. M. [1] ; Lopes, Fernando B. [2] ; Fernandes Junior, Gerardo A. [1, 3] ; Rosa, Guilherme J. M. [4] ; Magalhaes, Ana F. B. [1, 3] ; Carvalheiro, Roberto [5, 1, 3] ; Albuquerque, Lucia G. [5, 1, 3]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Sch Agr & Vet Sci, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castelane, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Geneticist Cobb Vantress, 305 E Main St, Siloam Springs, AR 72761 - USA
[3] Albuquerque, Lucia G., Natl Council Sci \& Technol Dev, BR-71605001 Brasilia, DF, Brazil.Mota, Lucio F. M., Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Sch Agr & Vet Sci, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castelane, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Wisconsin, Dept Anim Sci, 1675 Observ Dr, Madison, WI 53706 - USA
[5] Natl Council Sci & Technol Dev, BR-71605001 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 10, n. 1 APR 15 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Age at first calving (AFC) plays an important role in the economic efficiency of beef cattle production. This trait can be affected by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, leading to physiological changes in response to heifers' adaptation to a wide range of environments. Genome-wide association studies through the reaction norm model were carried out to identify genomic regions associated with AFC in Nellore heifers, raised under different environmental conditions (EC). The SNP effects for AFC were estimated in three EC levels (Low, Medium, and High, corresponding to average contemporary group effects on yearling body weight equal to 159.40, 228.6 and 297.6kg, respectively), which unraveled shared and unique genomic regions for AFC in Low, Medium, and High EC levels, that varied according to the genetic correlation between AFC in different EC levels. The significant genomic regions harbored key genes that might play an important biological role in controlling hormone signaling and metabolism. Shared genomic regions among EC levels were identified on BTA 2 and 14, harboring candidate genes associated with energy metabolism (IGFBP2, IGFBP5, SHOX, SMARCAL1, LYN, RPS20, MOS, PLAG1, CHCD7, and SDR16C6). Gene set enrichment analyses identified important biological functions related to growth, hormone levels affecting female fertility, physiological processes involved in female pregnancy, gamete generation, ovulation cycle, and age at puberty. The genomic regions highlighted differences in the physiological processes linked to AFC in different EC levels and metabolic processes that support complex interactions between the gonadotropic axes and sexual precocity in Nellore heifers. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/16118-5 - Ferramentas genômicas no melhoramento genético de características de importância econômica direta em bovinos da raça Nelore
Beneficiário:Lucia Galvão de Albuquerque
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 15/25356-8 - Estimação da interação genótipo-ambiente utilizando norma de reação genômica e análise da rede gênica para características reprodutivas de bovinos da raça Nelore
Beneficiário:Lúcio Flávio Macedo Mota
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/02291-3 - Busca de efeitos pleiotrópicos sobre características reprodutivas em bovinos Nelore, considerando interação genótipo ambiente
Beneficiário:Lúcio Flávio Macedo Mota
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado