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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Freshwater fish diversity hotspots for conservation priorities in the Amazon Basin

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Autor(es):
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Jezequel, Celine [1] ; Tedesco, Pablo A. [1] ; Darwall, William [2] ; Dias, Murilo S. [3] ; Frederico, Renata G. [4] ; Hidalgo, Max [5] ; Hugueny, Bernard [1] ; Maldonado-Ocampo, Javier [6] ; Martens, Koen [7, 8] ; Ortega, Hernan [5] ; Torrente-Vilara, Gislene [9] ; Zuanon, Jansen [10] ; Oberdorff, Thierry [1]
Número total de Autores: 13
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UPS, CNRS 5174, IRD253, UMR EDB, Lab Evolut & Diversite Biol, 118 Route Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse - France
[2] IUCN Global Species Programme, Freshwater Biodivers Unit, Pembroke St, Cambridge CB2 3QZ - England
[3] Univ Brasilia, Dept Ecol, BR-70910900 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Para UFPA, Inst Ciencias Biol, Rua Augusto Correia, BR-66075110 Belem, Para - Brazil
[5] Univ Nacl Mayor San Marcos, Dept Ictiol, Museo Hist Nat, Ave Arenales 1256, Jesus Maria 15072, Lima 14 - Peru
[6] Pontificia Univ Javeriana, Unidad Ecol & Sistemat UNESIS, Lab Ictiol, Dept Biol, Fac Ciencias, Carrera 7 40-62, Bogota 110231 - Colombia
[7] Royal Belgian Inst Nat Sci, Dept Freshwater Biol, Vautierstr 29, B-1000 Brussels - Belgium
[8] Uivers Ghent, Dept Biol, KL Ledeganckstr 35, B-9000 Ghent - Belgium
[9] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Mar, Campus Baixada Santista, BR-11015020 Santos, SP - Brazil
[10] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Coordenacao Biodiversidade, Ave Andre Araujo, BR-69067375 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 10
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Conservation Biology; v. 34, n. 4, p. 956-965, AUG 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Conserving freshwater habitats and their biodiversity in the Amazon Basin is a growing challenge in the face of rapid anthropogenic changes. We used the most comprehensive fish-occurrence database available (2355 valid species; 21,248 sampling points) and 3 ecological criteria (irreplaceability, representativeness, and vulnerability) to identify biodiversity hotspots based on 6 conservation templates (3 proactive, 1 reactive, 1 representative, and 1 balanced) to provide a set of alternative planning solutions for freshwater fish protection in the Amazon Basin. We identified empirically for each template the 17% of sub-basins that should be conserved and performed a prioritization analysis by identifying current and future (2050) threats (i.e., degree of deforestation and habitat fragmentation by dams). Two of our 3 proactive templates had around 65% of their surface covered by protected areas; high levels of irreplaceability (60% of endemics) and representativeness (71% of the Amazonian fish fauna); and low current and future vulnerability. These 2 templates, then, seemed more robust for conservation prioritization. The future of the selected sub-basins in these 2 proactive templates is not immediately threatened by human activities, and these sub-basins host the largest part of Amazonian biodiversity. They could easily be conserved if no additional threats occur between now and 2050. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/07910-0 - A sub-bacia do Rio Javari no contexto do projeto "Peixes amazônicos e mudanças climáticas - AMAZONFISH"
Beneficiário:Gislene Torrente Vilara
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular