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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Freshwater fish diversity hotspots for conservation priorities in the Amazon Basin

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Jezequel, Celine [1] ; Tedesco, Pablo A. [1] ; Darwall, William [2] ; Dias, Murilo S. [3] ; Frederico, Renata G. [4] ; Hidalgo, Max [5] ; Hugueny, Bernard [1] ; Maldonado-Ocampo, Javier [6] ; Martens, Koen [7, 8] ; Ortega, Hernan [5] ; Torrente-Vilara, Gislene [9] ; Zuanon, Jansen [10] ; Oberdorff, Thierry [1]
Total Authors: 13
[1] UPS, CNRS 5174, IRD253, UMR EDB, Lab Evolut & Diversite Biol, 118 Route Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse - France
[2] IUCN Global Species Programme, Freshwater Biodivers Unit, Pembroke St, Cambridge CB2 3QZ - England
[3] Univ Brasilia, Dept Ecol, BR-70910900 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Para UFPA, Inst Ciencias Biol, Rua Augusto Correia, BR-66075110 Belem, Para - Brazil
[5] Univ Nacl Mayor San Marcos, Dept Ictiol, Museo Hist Nat, Ave Arenales 1256, Jesus Maria 15072, Lima 14 - Peru
[6] Pontificia Univ Javeriana, Unidad Ecol & Sistemat UNESIS, Lab Ictiol, Dept Biol, Fac Ciencias, Carrera 7 40-62, Bogota 110231 - Colombia
[7] Royal Belgian Inst Nat Sci, Dept Freshwater Biol, Vautierstr 29, B-1000 Brussels - Belgium
[8] Uivers Ghent, Dept Biol, KL Ledeganckstr 35, B-9000 Ghent - Belgium
[9] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Mar, Campus Baixada Santista, BR-11015020 Santos, SP - Brazil
[10] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Coordenacao Biodiversidade, Ave Andre Araujo, BR-69067375 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 10
Document type: Journal article
Source: Conservation Biology; v. 34, n. 4, p. 956-965, AUG 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 4

Conserving freshwater habitats and their biodiversity in the Amazon Basin is a growing challenge in the face of rapid anthropogenic changes. We used the most comprehensive fish-occurrence database available (2355 valid species; 21,248 sampling points) and 3 ecological criteria (irreplaceability, representativeness, and vulnerability) to identify biodiversity hotspots based on 6 conservation templates (3 proactive, 1 reactive, 1 representative, and 1 balanced) to provide a set of alternative planning solutions for freshwater fish protection in the Amazon Basin. We identified empirically for each template the 17% of sub-basins that should be conserved and performed a prioritization analysis by identifying current and future (2050) threats (i.e., degree of deforestation and habitat fragmentation by dams). Two of our 3 proactive templates had around 65% of their surface covered by protected areas; high levels of irreplaceability (60% of endemics) and representativeness (71% of the Amazonian fish fauna); and low current and future vulnerability. These 2 templates, then, seemed more robust for conservation prioritization. The future of the selected sub-basins in these 2 proactive templates is not immediately threatened by human activities, and these sub-basins host the largest part of Amazonian biodiversity. They could easily be conserved if no additional threats occur between now and 2050. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/07910-0 - Javari River basin in the context of "Amazon fish and climate changes - AMAZONFISH"
Grantee:Gislene Torrente Vilara
Support type: Regular Research Grants