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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Body mass index trajectories and noncommunicable diseases in women: The role of leisure time physical activity

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Autor(es):
Werneck, Andre O. [1, 2] ; Oyeyemi, Adewale L. [3] ; Szwarcwald, Celia L. [4] ; Sardinha, Luis B. [5] ; Silva, Danilo R. [6]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Nutr, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho UN, Dept Phys Educ, Presidente Prudente - Brazil
[3] Univ Maiduguri, Dept Physiotherapy, Maiduguri - Nigeria
[4] Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz Fiocruz, ICICT, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[5] Univ Lisbon, Exercise & Hlth Lab, CIPER Fac Motricidade Humana, Lisbon - Portugal
[6] Fed Univ Sergipe UFS, Dept Phys Educ, Sao Cristovao - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY; SEP 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Objective To analyze the association between body mass index trajectories and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in women, and the interaction effects of leisure time physical activity on this relationship. Methods Sample was composed by 15 628 women (>= 30 years old) who performed objective measurement of body mass, height, and blood pressure in the 2013 Brazilian Health Survey (2013). Information regarding the body mass at 20 years old, current type 2 diabetes (T2DM), dyslipidemia diagnosis, and leisure time physical activity were self-reported by the participants. Socio-demographic and behavioral covariates were considered. Logistic regression models were used for the statistical analysis. Results Those who were obese in both moments and women who become obese showed similar high risk, however, the prevalence of NCDs among women who were no longer obese was similar to the consistently non-obese. Leisure time physical activity attenuated the general deleterious effect of obesity, especially among the consistently obese women for dyslipidemia (inactive: OR: 2.02 {[}95%CI: 1.69-2.43] vs active: OR: 1.05 {[}95%CI: 0.55-1.99]), T2DM (inactive: OR: 3.84 {[}95%CI: 2.72-5.43] vs active: OR: 4.38 {[}95%CI: 1.49-12.86]) and high blood pressure (inactive: OR: 2.00 {[}95%CI: 1.56-2.57] vs active: OR: 1.15 {[}95%CI: 0.57-2.52]). Conclusions Changes in body mass index appear to be sensitive to detecting the risk of NCDs over lifespan. In addition, leisure time physical activity attenuates the negative effects of obesity on NCDs, but this appears more important for the consistently non-obese women. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/27234-2 - Associação longitudinal entre maturação biológica, gordura corporal e prática esportiva na predição do risco de síndrome metabólica e proteína C-reativa: modelos de equação estrutural (ABCD - growth study)
Beneficiário:André de Oliveira Werneck
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado