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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Venlafaxine-induced damage to seminiferous epithelium, spermiation, and sperm parameters in rats: A correlation with high estrogen levels

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Autor(es):
de Santi, Fabiane [1] ; Beltrame, Flavia L. [1] ; Rogridues, Beatriz M. [2] ; Junior, Marcio J. V. P. [2] ; Scaramele, Natalia F. [3] ; Lopes, Flavia L. [3] ; Cerri, Paulo S. [2] ; Sasso-Cerri, Estela [2]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Morphol & Genet, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Dent, Dept Morphol Orthodont & Pediat Dent, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Vet Med, Dept Prod & Anim Hlth, Aracatuba - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANDROLOGY; SEP 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background Venlafaxine (selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor) use has increased worldwide. However, the impact of venlafaxine on testes and sperm parameters has not been investigated. Objectives We evaluated venlafaxine impact on testicular and sperm parameters and verified whether the changes are reversible. Methods Animals from venlafaxine-35 days and venlafaxine-65 days groups received 30 mg/kg of venlafaxine for 35 days. Control-35 days and control-65 days received distilled water. In control-65 days and venlafaxine-65 days, the treatment was interrupted for 30 days. Sperm concentration, morphology, motility, and mitochondrial activity were analyzed. Number of step 19 spermatids (NLS), frequency of tubules with spermiation failure, Sertoli cells number, and TUNEL-positive germ cells were quantified. Testicular aromatase, connexin 43 (Cx43) immunoexpression, Cx43 protein levels, andCx43expression were evaluated. Either intratesticular testosterone or estrogen levels were measured. Results Venlafaxine impaired sperm morphology, reduced sperm concentration, mitochondrial activity, and sperm motility. The frequency of tubules with spermiation failure and NLS increased in parallel to increased Cx43 immunoexpression; mRNA and protein levels; and aromatase, testosterone, and estrogen levels. An increase in germ cell death and decreased Sertoli cells number were observed. In venlafaxine-65 days, except for sperm motility, mitochondrial activity, Sertoli cells number, and germ cell death, all other parameters were partially or totally recovered. Conclusion Venlafaxine increases testosterone aromatization and Cx43. This drug, via high estrogen levels, disturbs Sertoli cells, induces germ cell death, and impairs spermiation and sperm parameters. The restoration of spermiation associated with the decreased Cx43 and hormonal levels in venlafaxine-65 days reinforces that high estrogen levels are related to venlafaxine-induced changes. The presence of damaged Sertoli cells, germ cell death, and low sperm motility in venlafaxine-65 days indicates that interruption of treatment for 30 days was insufficient for testicular recovery and points to a long-term estrogen impact on the seminiferous epithelium. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/19829-6 - Efeito do antidepressivo venlafaxina na histofisiologia do aparelho reprodutor masculino e em parâmetros espermáticos de ratos adultos
Beneficiário:Estela Sasso Cerri
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 19/09064-8 - Impacto do antidepressivo venlafaxina nas células somáticas testiculares e na viabilidade das células germinativas de ratos adultos
Beneficiário:Marcio José Viana Pinheiro Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica